create account

Mycotoxins by sco

View this thread on steemit.com
· @sco · (edited)
$14.60
Mycotoxins
<p><strong><em>On the contrary to artificial food contaminants like pesticides, the toxins of molds are neglected by the public and their impact on health is often underestimated.</em></strong></p>



<p>This is an english adaption of my recent <a href="http://toxblog.eu/mykotoxine1/">article in german</a>.</p>



<img src="http://toxblog.eu/wp-content/uploads/2019/08/1280px-Verschimmeltes_Brot_2008-12-07-1024x682.jpg" alt="" class="wp-image-303"/>



<p><em><sup>You wouldn’t eat that bread, right? Well that’s because you’re not my roommate from student days... Pic from <a href="https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Wimox">Henry Mühlpfordt</a> , published on <a href="https://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Schimmelpilz#/media/Datei:Verschimmeltes_Brot_2008-12-07.JPG">Wiki</a>, CC-BY-SA 3.0 </sup></em></p>



<h2><strong>Intro</strong></h2>



<p><strong>Everybody </strong>seems to be afraid of chemistry in foods these days. Pesticides, plasticizers, artificial colourings and flavourings share a bad reputation - and in some cases, of course, quite rightly so. Organic food is the trend, the food industry is out and even the most unhealthy sweets are now coloured with vegetable dyes.</p>



<p>A very old phrase, however, is often ignored by health-conscious
superfood disciples:</p>



<p><strong>Everything is chemistry!</strong></p>



<p>Whether a substance enters food by a <strong>natural or artificial</strong> way is completely <strong>irrelevant </strong>from a toxicological point of view. Nature has a repertoire of dangerous toxins that can sometimes be found in food.</p>



<p>However, due to public pressure, the <strong>tougher regulations</strong> regarding legal limit values and necessary controls undoubtedly apply to industrial contaminants and additives. In addition, there is much more scientific data on these chemicals, as there are lobbies on both sides who actively conduct research.</p>



<p>This leads to the slightly paradox situation that artificial food contaminants are widely discussed in public even if the effect on human health is so small that it can only be proven in special cases while natural problem substances are largely ignored by journalists. Who hasn’t heard of <strong>glyphosate </strong>yet? <br>But does anyone of you know <strong>Aflatoxin B1</strong>? You should , and it’s my duty to close this gap of knowledge.</p>



<p>Under these conditions it should not surprise the educated laymen among
you that I, as a toxicologist, consider the natural toxins to be the greater
danger.</p>



<p><em>It still surprises you, I know</em>. But I will explain it to you. Spotlights on, I  present you the <strong>mold toxins</strong>, also known as <strong>mycotoxins</strong>. </p>



<p>But before we begin, let me warn you: If you want to continue cooking with
canned tomatoes or eating pistachios without hesitation, don't read any further.
I have already spoiled the appetite of some of my acquaintances, and I will do
it again.</p>



<h2><strong>Occurence and original function</strong></h2>



<p>Moulds, and everyone who ever forgot about food a fridge knows this, occur "<strong>ubiquitously</strong>". This means that they grow under almost any conditions (e.g. in the refrigerator), are spread all over the world and their spores are almost everywhere. When they grow, many of them produce toxins. These are not primarily directed against humans - we are not a natural enemy of mould (some, like my former roommate mentioned above, are even natural allies). No, mycotoxins essentially have <strong>two biological functions</strong>:</p>



<p>Firstly, to combat everything that competes for nutrients, which means <strong>other microbes, especially bacteria</strong>. Therefore, traditional <strong>antibiotics </strong>such as penicillin also belong to the substance class of mycotoxins.</p>



<p>And secondly, the toxins are supposed to <strong>damage</strong> the <strong>plant tissue</strong> in order to make it easier for the fungus to penetrate its host.</p>



<p>As a side effect, however, many of these substances are <strong>also toxic to higher organisms</strong>, in a variety of ways that might differ from toxin to toxin.</p>



<h2><strong>Human exposure</strong></h2>



<img src="http://toxblog.eu/wp-content/uploads/2019/08/shelf-3840442_1280-1024x769.jpg" alt="" class="wp-image-304"/>



<p><em><sup>... but processed foods are consumed without a second thought. Pic from </sup></em><em><sup><a href="https://pixabay.com/photos/shelf-shop-fittings-stock-3840442/">Pixabay</a></sup></em><em><sup> , CC0 </sup></em></p>



<p><em>"Fine and good, dear Sco," </em>I hear you saying<em>, "maybe it concerns
others, but for my part I always throw away mouldy food right away!"</em></p>



<p><strong>That's good and right. </strong>But who said that mould must develop in your place? <br>This is the reality of today's food production: Two million tomatoes are mashed up in a fat factory and packed in cans. Do you really think they are all individually and manually examined for small black spots? One can safely assume that the Polpa is contaminated to a certain degree. Actually, we don't have to assume, we know it.<sup><a href="https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0956713519301185?via%3Dihub">Ref</a></sup>  The study of an esteemed colleague of mine was quite clear about that.</p>



<p>Of course, the tomato sauce is sterilized before shipping. This kills the fungus itself, but the <strong>chemicals</strong> it had already produced at that time are relatively<strong> indifferent to heat or UV</strong> radiation.</p>



<p>In the pizzeria around the corner, the good sauce is then used on your <em>Pizza Capricciosa</em>, and 20 bites later the <strong>mycotoxins end up in your intestines</strong>.</p>



<p>The tomato sauce was of course just an example, you can use<strong> any other processed vegetables and fruits</strong> instead. How many of you eat things whose raw materials you had in your hands for optical evaluation of quality? <br><em>Now you get my point.</em></p>



<h2><strong>The problem with regulations</strong></h2>



<p><em>"But there are certainly legal limits
that must be observed?"</em></p>



<p>Yes of course. Eight particularly dangerous
mould toxins are regulated in the EU, namely the aflatoxins B1 and M,
ochratoxin A, zearalenone, a-zearalenol, deoxynivalenone, patulin and
citrinine.<sup> </sup><sup><a href="https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/DE/TXT/HTML/?uri=CELEX:32006R0401&amp;from=DE">Ref1</a>, <a href="https://www.ages.at/themen/rueckstaende-kontaminanten/mykotoxine/">Ref2</a></sup></p>



<p><strong>Eight</strong>.
Of currently <strong>over 400 known substances</strong>
produced by moulds. About which there is for the most part no sufficient data
to know whether and how they affect humans.</p>



<p>Thus, the majority of toxins are not even
searched for in food (the industry only performs analyses to which they are
obliged), hence the <em>Alternaria</em> toxins in tomatoes. And it is certainly
not the case that <em>Alternaria</em> toxins are harmless in any case. Some of
them are <strong>genotoxic</strong> in human cells
and therefore <strong>potentially carcinogenic</strong>.
Others activate hormone receptors and are therefore suspected of disturbing our
hormonal balance. And I don't even get started on the problem of chemical
mixtures (you don't eat a single mycotoxin, but due to multi-contaminations 100
different ones at the same time, with interactions, cumulative effects etc.).</p>



<img src="http://toxblog.eu/wp-content/uploads/2019/08/35607646741_bc3c5bde02_z.jpg" alt="" class="wp-image-306"/>



<p><em><sup>Late-stage Alternaria growing
on (and in) tomatoes. Pic by <a href="https://www.flickr.com/photos/scotnelson/35607646741">Scott Nelson</a>, public domain.</sup></em></p>



<p>But <strong>research </strong>is just n<strong>ot advanced enough</strong> to enforce regulation. And there is a simple reason for this: there is almost <strong>no economic interest in toxicology</strong>. On the contrary, new limits would cost agriculture and industry money. In contrast to our sister discipline, pharmacy, we therefore have to finance ourselves mainly from public funds, which are rather sparse for obvious reasons - after all, it’s taxpayers' money. Accordingly, our research is underfinanced and slow compared to other disciplines.</p>



<p>But even in the case of substances for which limit values already exist, there are troubles. Take <strong>aflatoxins</strong>, for example. I have already written an <a href="https://www.steemstem.io/#!/@sco/tox-blog-4-aflatoxins-in-food-the-world-s-most-potent-natural-cancer-promotors">article</a> about them quite some time ago. In short, aflatoxins are produced by fungi that prefer to grow on nuts and legumes at tropical temperatures. Pistachios are particularly susceptible to this.</p>



<p>The problem is that aflatoxins are <strong>extremely potent carcinogens</strong>. Relatively small amounts of AfB1 cause liver tumors quite reliably. And if a <strong>single pistachio</strong> is affected, it is often affected in very strongly, with big doses of toxins formed. If you're unlucky, <strong>one nut is enough</strong>. <br>This leads to the situation that the limits, which are actually well set, are very difficult to monitor. A whole batch of pistachios can be completely ok, and AfB1 is not detectable in the samples drawn. But the liver of one consumer, who eats the rotten nut lying in the bottom left corner of the box below millions of others, may still be damaged.</p>



<h2><strong>Now what?</strong></h2>



<p>You <strong>can't avoid mycotoxins</strong> to 100%, but that's not even necessary, because we are quite well prepared for a certain amount of them through co-evolution. But it doesn't hurt to develop a certain <strong>awareness </strong>of the problem. With a few exceptions, <strong>mouldy foods belong into the garbage</strong>, especially if they are partially liquid (tomatoes) or have air holes (bread) - which enables the fungus to spread rapidly, and with it the toxins, too. </p>



<p>Anyone who does without processed food and <strong>cooks as freshly as possible</strong> with manual quality control is certainly better off. And please, if a pistachio looks “funny”, don't taste it. When it comes to exotic nuts, toxicologists are paranoid (with good reason).</p>



<p>Otherwise, it's the producers in particular who are responsible: mould
can usually be avoided by good storage conditions. This works quite well in
Western nations, poorer (especially African) states and the wild East still
have some catching up to do.</p>



<p>Stricter limits and a little more money for our research would not be
bad either, but you have no influence on that. ;-)</p>



<h4><strong><em>What you
can expect from this blog…</em></strong><strong></strong></h4>



<p>I'm sure you've noticed that this was just an introduction to the
subject. In the coming weeks I want to introduce you to various mycotoxin
groups, their occurrence and effects, and we will certainly go a little deeper
into molecular biology.</p>



<p>Until then, cya soon!</p>



<hr class="wp-block-separator"/>



<hr class="wp-block-separator"/>



<p><strong><em>Disclaimer: </em></strong><strong></strong></p>



<p><em>In my blog, I’m writing my honest opinion as
a researcher in toxicology, not more and not less. </em><em>I am human, I make errors. Discuss
and disagree with me, if you’re bringging the better arguments, I might
rethink.</em></p>



<hr class="wp-block-separator"/>



<p><strong><em>Sources</em></strong><strong></strong></p>



<p>Finding sources in your own field, where you just write the text from
memory, is always a bit special. ;-) I quoted some of them in the text, if you
want further information, you can read it here:</p>



<ul><li><a href="https://www.efsa.europa.eu/de/topics/topic/mycotoxins">EFSA</a></li><li>an older, but very general <a href="https://cmr.asm.org/content/16/3/497/article-info">review</a></li></ul>



<img src="https://vg07.met.vgwort.de/na/fa7f84c1b3404e90a48c04980b4d034f" width="1" height="1" alt="">
 <br /><center><hr/><em>Uploaded with <a href='https://wordpress.org/plugins/steempress/'>SteemPress</a> from http://toxblog.eu</em><hr/></center>         
👍  , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , and 730 others
properties (23)
post_id79,939,155
authorsco
permlinkmycotoxins-fxiak0n8b9
categoryblog
json_metadata{"community":"busy","app":"busy\/2.5.6","image":["http:\/\/toxblog.eu\/wp-content\/uploads\/2019\/08\/1280px-Verschimmeltes_Brot_2008-12-07-1024x682.jpg","http:\/\/toxblog.eu\/wp-content\/uploads\/2019\/08\/shelf-3840442_1280-1024x769.jpg","http:\/\/toxblog.eu\/wp-content\/uploads\/2019\/08\/35607646741_bc3c5bde02_z.jpg","https:\/\/vg07.met.vgwort.de\/na\/fa7f84c1b3404e90a48c04980b4d034f"],"tags":["blog","education","health","science","steemstem"],"canonical_url":"http:\/\/toxblog.eu\/mycotoxins\/","format":"markdown","users":["sco"],"links":["http:\/\/toxblog.eu\/mykotoxine1\/","https:\/\/commons.wikimedia.org\/wiki\/User:Wimox","https:\/\/de.wikipedia.org\/wiki\/Schimmelpilz#\/media\/Datei:Verschimmeltes_Brot_2008-12-07.JPG","https:\/\/pixabay.com\/photos\/shelf-shop-fittings-stock-3840442\/","https:\/\/www.sciencedirect.com\/science\/article\/pii\/S0956713519301185?via%3Dihub","https:\/\/eur-lex.europa.eu\/legal-content\/DE\/TXT\/HTML\/?uri=CELEX:32006R0401&from=DE","https:\/\/www.ages.at\/themen\/rueckstaende-kontaminanten\/mykotoxine\/","https:\/\/www.flickr.com\/photos\/scotnelson\/35607646741","https:\/\/www.steemstem.io\/#!\/@sco\/tox-blog-4-aflatoxins-in-food-the-world-s-most-potent-natural-cancer-promotors","https:\/\/www.efsa.europa.eu\/de\/topics\/topic\/mycotoxins"]}
created2019-09-12 11:14:21
last_update2019-09-13 16:28:12
depth0
children31
net_rshares39,945,186,364,224
last_payout2019-09-19 11:14:21
cashout_time1969-12-31 23:59:59
total_payout_value6.761 SBD
curator_payout_value7.839 SBD
pending_payout_value0.000 SBD
promoted0.000 SBD
body_length12,362
author_reputation26,034,878,518,689
root_titleMycotoxins
beneficiaries
0.
accountsteempress
weight1,500
max_accepted_payout1,000,000.000 SBD
percent_steem_dollars10,000
author_curate_reward""
vote details (794)
@abigail-dantes ·
<blockquote>I, as a toxicologist, consider the natural toxins to be the greater danger.</blockquote> &#128559;

<blockquote>we are not a natural enemy of mould</blockquote>

I do think that the sole purpose of mould is to try to destroy me. I *hate* mould! 

But, jokes aside...

OH MY GOODNESS @sco! My husband is going to hate you from today onwards. Perhaps as much as I hate mould! :P

I am glad you concluded your post with a hint of hope for those of us who opt for 100% freshly cooked meals. That is the rule in my household. But, I am a bit freaked out by the whole pistachio contamination scenario. We are big nut eaters here, and we go for all the 'exotic ones' as you put it. Oh no ... 

I will be following your upcoming posts on mycotoxin groups with much interest.

Have a great rest of the day @sco. And thank you for making all this information available to us! :)
👍  
properties (23)
post_id79,941,701
authorabigail-dantes
permlinkpxpzik
categoryblog
json_metadata{"tags":["blog"],"users":["sco"],"app":"steemit\/0.1"}
created2019-09-12 13:15:57
last_update2019-09-12 13:15:57
depth1
children6
net_rshares47,729,664,983
last_payout2019-09-19 13:15:57
cashout_time1969-12-31 23:59:59
total_payout_value0.000 SBD
curator_payout_value0.000 SBD
pending_payout_value0.000 SBD
promoted0.000 SBD
body_length880
author_reputation45,943,303,796,102
root_titleMycotoxins
beneficiaries[]
max_accepted_payout1,000,000.000 SBD
percent_steem_dollars10,000
author_curate_reward""
vote details (1)
@sco ·
$0.04
Fresh cooked food is the way to go!

> I, as a toxicologist, consider the natural toxins to be the greater danger.

I have to add one point here: I am a resident of the EU. Here, several quite dangerous chemicals are forbidden that are still legal and used in the US. I believe you are US-based? In that case, artificial food contaminants like pesticides etc. might be a bigger problem for you than they are in Europe. 

Still, mycotoxins are a problem in the US aswell, especially aflatoxins. Did you read the dedicated post on these toxins from 1,5 years ago? I'm still not sure if I'll extend it (in that case I would also re-post it in English) or just translate the existing article to german... but if you are interested you can just read it in the short version [here](https://www.steemstem.io/#!/@sco/tox-blog-4-aflatoxins-in-food-the-world-s-most-potent-natural-cancer-promotors).

As for nuts, I only eat them with lights on, and I look at every single one of them for dark-brown/black/strange-looking parts. The toxicologist's curse: Nut paranoia.
👍  
properties (23)
post_id79,951,643
authorsco
permlinkre-abigail-dantes-pxpzik-20190912t200203365z
categoryblog
json_metadata{"community":"busy","app":"busy\/2.5.6","format":"markdown","tags":["blog"],"users":["sco"],"links":["https:\/\/www.steemstem.io\/#!\/@sco\/tox-blog-4-aflatoxins-in-food-the-world-s-most-potent-natural-cancer-promotors"]}
created2019-09-12 20:02:09
last_update2019-09-12 20:02:09
depth2
children5
net_rshares178,882,127,433
last_payout2019-09-19 20:02:09
cashout_time1969-12-31 23:59:59
total_payout_value0.019 SBD
curator_payout_value0.019 SBD
pending_payout_value0.000 SBD
promoted0.000 SBD
body_length1,059
author_reputation26,034,878,518,689
root_titleMycotoxins
beneficiaries[]
max_accepted_payout1,000,000.000 SBD
percent_steem_dollars10,000
author_curate_reward""
vote details (1)
@abigail-dantes ·
I live in Portugal @sco :) and I will surely follow the link you provided here. I am interested! 

<blockquote>The toxicologist’s curse: Nut paranoia</blockquote>

Not long after I read your post I needed to pop into the supermarket and I swear , as I was browsing the baked goods, the nuts, the veggies I thought of you and thought “oh Gosh, it must be a nightmare having all that knowledge about all the processed food, fungi, pesticides, natural toxins”. 😥 

Either way, thank you for the info about nuts, I will certainly be more careful from now on! Your paranoia has just been passed on :/ 

Have a wonderful evening! :)
properties (22)
post_id79,951,940
authorabigail-dantes
permlinkpxqitm
categoryblog
json_metadata{"tags":["blog"],"users":["sco"],"app":"steemit\/0.1"}
created2019-09-12 20:12:57
last_update2019-09-12 20:12:57
depth3
children4
net_rshares0
last_payout2019-09-19 20:12:57
cashout_time1969-12-31 23:59:59
total_payout_value0.000 SBD
curator_payout_value0.000 SBD
pending_payout_value0.000 SBD
promoted0.000 SBD
body_length626
author_reputation45,943,303,796,102
root_titleMycotoxins
beneficiaries[]
max_accepted_payout1,000,000.000 SBD
percent_steem_dollars10,000
@lauch3d ·
heavy shit :S 

I knew about aflatoxins but didn't think about processed food. I once heard from somebody roasting peanuts because of aflatoxins but didn't get the point is there research between different processing? (of course lokaly roasted seeds after picking them)
👍  ,
properties (23)
post_id79,941,921
authorlauch3d
permlinkpxpzwc
categoryblog
json_metadata{"tags":["blog"],"app":"steemit\/0.1"}
created2019-09-12 13:24:12
last_update2019-09-12 13:24:12
depth1
children1
net_rshares56,113,750,271
last_payout2019-09-19 13:24:12
cashout_time1969-12-31 23:59:59
total_payout_value0.000 SBD
curator_payout_value0.000 SBD
pending_payout_value0.000 SBD
promoted0.000 SBD
body_length269
author_reputation10,660,504,989,847
root_titleMycotoxins
beneficiaries[]
max_accepted_payout1,000,000.000 SBD
percent_steem_dollars10,000
author_curate_reward""
vote details (2)
@sco ·
One the one hand, aflatoxins are heat resistant, so roasting would not help in getting rid of them if they are already present.
On the other hand... I'm not aware of dedicated literature, but it seems reasonable to me that roasting nuts directly after the harvest should decrease water activity and thus inhibit fungi growth to a certain extent - of course given the nuts are stored under dry conditions afterwards.

Thanks for reading and the interesting question.
👍  
properties (23)
post_id79,951,303
authorsco
permlinkre-lauch3d-pxpzwc-20190912t195009921z
categoryblog
json_metadata{"community":"busy","app":"busy\/2.5.6","format":"markdown","tags":["blog"],"users":[],"links":[]}
created2019-09-12 19:50:15
last_update2019-09-12 19:50:15
depth2
children0
net_rshares7,994,406,516
last_payout2019-09-19 19:50:15
cashout_time1969-12-31 23:59:59
total_payout_value0.000 SBD
curator_payout_value0.000 SBD
pending_payout_value0.000 SBD
promoted0.000 SBD
body_length465
author_reputation26,034,878,518,689
root_titleMycotoxins
beneficiaries[]
max_accepted_payout1,000,000.000 SBD
percent_steem_dollars10,000
author_curate_reward""
vote details (1)
@isnochys ·
I will never going to eat again.
Starting my light diet right now!
:)
👍  
properties (23)
post_id79,947,340
authorisnochys
permlinkpxq9zc
categoryblog
json_metadata{"tags":["blog"],"app":"steemit\/0.1"}
created2019-09-12 17:02:03
last_update2019-09-12 17:02:03
depth1
children2
net_rshares38,480,323,123
last_payout2019-09-19 17:02:03
cashout_time1969-12-31 23:59:59
total_payout_value0.000 SBD
curator_payout_value0.000 SBD
pending_payout_value0.000 SBD
promoted0.000 SBD
body_length69
author_reputation22,733,518,989,206
root_titleMycotoxins
beneficiaries[]
max_accepted_payout1,000,000.000 SBD
percent_steem_dollars10,000
author_curate_reward""
vote details (1)
@sco ·
I'm so sorry. But I warned you!
properties (22)
post_id79,951,311
authorsco
permlinkre-isnochys-pxq9zc-20190912t195027280z
categoryblog
json_metadata{"community":"busy","app":"busy\/2.5.6","format":"markdown","tags":["blog"],"users":[],"links":[]}
created2019-09-12 19:50:33
last_update2019-09-12 19:50:33
depth2
children0
net_rshares0
last_payout2019-09-19 19:50:33
cashout_time1969-12-31 23:59:59
total_payout_value0.000 SBD
curator_payout_value0.000 SBD
pending_payout_value0.000 SBD
promoted0.000 SBD
body_length31
author_reputation26,034,878,518,689
root_titleMycotoxins
beneficiaries[]
max_accepted_payout1,000,000.000 SBD
percent_steem_dollars10,000
@abigail-dantes ·
Let’s help each other and keep each other motivated on the light diet @isnochys :) Great idea! 😂
properties (22)
post_id79,951,972
authorabigail-dantes
permlinkpxqivo
categoryblog
json_metadata{"tags":["blog"],"users":["isnochys"],"app":"steemit\/0.1"}
created2019-09-12 20:14:12
last_update2019-09-12 20:14:12
depth2
children0
net_rshares0
last_payout2019-09-19 20:14:12
cashout_time1969-12-31 23:59:59
total_payout_value0.000 SBD
curator_payout_value0.000 SBD
pending_payout_value0.000 SBD
promoted0.000 SBD
body_length96
author_reputation45,943,303,796,102
root_titleMycotoxins
beneficiaries[]
max_accepted_payout1,000,000.000 SBD
percent_steem_dollars10,000
@stayoutoftherz ·
Exzellenter Artikel!! Vielen Dank!
👍  
👎  
properties (23)
post_id79,950,441
authorstayoutoftherz
permlinkre-sco-pxqg4c
categoryblog
json_metadata{"tags":["blog"],"app":"steempeak\/1.16.1"}
created2019-09-12 19:14:39
last_update2019-09-12 19:14:39
depth1
children2
net_rshares36,844,873,095
last_payout2019-09-19 19:14:39
cashout_time1969-12-31 23:59:59
total_payout_value0.000 SBD
curator_payout_value0.000 SBD
pending_payout_value0.000 SBD
promoted0.000 SBD
body_length34
author_reputation48,479,212,394,231
root_titleMycotoxins
beneficiaries[]
max_accepted_payout1,000,000.000 SBD
percent_steem_dollars10,000
author_curate_reward""
vote details (2)
@sco ·
Vielen Dank für die Blumen!
properties (22)
post_id79,951,322
authorsco
permlinkre-stayoutoftherz-re-sco-pxqg4c-20190912t195051773z
categoryblog
json_metadata{"community":"busy","app":"busy\/2.5.6","format":"markdown","tags":["blog"],"users":[],"links":[]}
created2019-09-12 19:50:57
last_update2019-09-12 19:50:57
depth2
children1
net_rshares0
last_payout2019-09-19 19:50:57
cashout_time1969-12-31 23:59:59
total_payout_value0.000 SBD
curator_payout_value0.000 SBD
pending_payout_value0.000 SBD
promoted0.000 SBD
body_length27
author_reputation26,034,878,518,689
root_titleMycotoxins
beneficiaries[]
max_accepted_payout1,000,000.000 SBD
percent_steem_dollars10,000
@stayoutoftherz ·
Ehre wem Ehre gebührt.
👎  
properties (23)
post_id79,952,130
authorstayoutoftherz
permlinkre-sco-pxqj57
categoryblog
json_metadata{"tags":["blog"],"app":"steempeak\/1.16.1"}
created2019-09-12 20:19:57
last_update2019-09-12 20:19:57
depth3
children0
net_rshares-200,196,552
last_payout2019-09-19 20:19:57
cashout_time1969-12-31 23:59:59
total_payout_value0.000 SBD
curator_payout_value0.000 SBD
pending_payout_value0.000 SBD
promoted0.000 SBD
body_length22
author_reputation48,479,212,394,231
root_titleMycotoxins
beneficiaries[]
max_accepted_payout1,000,000.000 SBD
percent_steem_dollars10,000
author_curate_reward""
vote details (1)
@steemstem ·
re-sco-mycotoxins-fxiak0n8b9-20190913t171054069z
<div class='text-justify'> <div class='pull-left'> <center> <img width='200' src='https://res.cloudinary.com/drrz8xekm/image/upload/v1553698283/weenlqbrqvvczjy6dayw.jpg'> </center>  <br/> </div> 

This post has been voted on by the **SteemSTEM** curation team and voting trail. <br /> 

If you appreciate the work we are doing, then consider supporting our witness [**stem.witness**](https://steemconnect.com/sign/account_witness_vote?approve=1&witness=stem.witness)! <br /> 

For additional information please join us on the [**SteemSTEM discord**]( https://discord.gg/BPARaqn) and to get to know the rest of the community!<br />

Please consider setting <b><a href='https://www.steemstem.io/#!/@steemstem'>@steemstem</a></b> as a beneficiary to your post to get a stronger support.<br />

Please consider using the <b><a href='https://www.steemstem.io'>steemstem.io</a></b> app to get a stronger support.</div>
👍  
properties (23)
post_id79,976,218
authorsteemstem
permlinkre-sco-mycotoxins-fxiak0n8b9-20190913t171054069z
categoryblog
json_metadata{"app":"bloguable-bot"}
created2019-09-13 17:10:57
last_update2019-09-13 17:10:57
depth1
children0
net_rshares24,129,228,595
last_payout2019-09-20 17:10:57
cashout_time1969-12-31 23:59:59
total_payout_value0.000 SBD
curator_payout_value0.000 SBD
pending_payout_value0.000 SBD
promoted0.000 SBD
body_length912
author_reputation220,461,792,063,618
root_titleMycotoxins
beneficiaries[]
max_accepted_payout1,000,000.000 SBD
percent_steem_dollars10,000
author_curate_reward""
vote details (1)
@alphajiggy ·
Great post. My knowledge of mycotoxins mostly comes from Dr. Shoemaker and his group’s information gathering and now you too.

I definitely do agree that there should be stricter limits and more funding for yours and others research of this.

It’s a very important issue in life.

From what I understand there are certain groups of people who are “genetically susceptible” to illness from mold, but I still don’t believe the non-susceptible will really be so completely immune to all effects, just maybe some of the more immediate and obviously alarming effects.

Posted using [Partiko iOS](https://partiko.app/referral/alphajiggy)
👍  
properties (23)
post_id79,990,251
authoralphajiggy
permlinkalphajiggy-re-sco-mycotoxins-fxiak0n8b9-20190914t055002112z
categoryblog
json_metadata{"app":"partiko","client":"ios"}
created2019-09-14 05:50:03
last_update2019-09-14 05:50:03
depth1
children5
net_rshares49,493,469,899
last_payout2019-09-21 05:50:03
cashout_time1969-12-31 23:59:59
total_payout_value0.000 SBD
curator_payout_value0.000 SBD
pending_payout_value0.000 SBD
promoted0.000 SBD
body_length631
author_reputation693,603,236,704
root_titleMycotoxins
beneficiaries[]
max_accepted_payout1,000,000.000 SBD
percent_steem_dollars10,000
author_curate_reward""
vote details (1)
@sco ·
Thanks for your  interest!

All humans bring along their own set of genes, and so we all react differently to our environment. When talking about toxicology, the most important genes are always those involved in the so-called "xenobiotic metabolism", as they determine how fast your body can detoxify and dispose of uptaken toxic chemicals (to simplify it a lot^^). There are big differences between humans in that regard.
However, I doubt there is really someone who is "not susceptible" to mold toxins at all. 
"The dose makes the poison". At a certain concentration, everyone suffers. But of course: A dose that might be dangerous for one can be irrelevant for another person. And vice versa.
We are aware of that, and there are measures that are taken to account for hose differences in risk assessment of chemicals. But I would have to write a full post if I would have to explain those in detail. ;-)
👍  
properties (23)
post_id80,007,637
authorsco
permlinkre-alphajiggy-alphajiggy-re-sco-mycotoxins-fxiak0n8b9-20190914t201357100z
categoryblog
json_metadata{"community":"busy","app":"busy\/2.5.6","format":"markdown","tags":["blog"],"users":[],"links":[]}
created2019-09-14 20:14:03
last_update2019-09-14 20:14:03
depth2
children4
net_rshares1,282,681,270
last_payout2019-09-21 20:14:03
cashout_time1969-12-31 23:59:59
total_payout_value0.000 SBD
curator_payout_value0.000 SBD
pending_payout_value0.000 SBD
promoted0.000 SBD
body_length906
author_reputation26,034,878,518,689
root_titleMycotoxins
beneficiaries[]
max_accepted_payout1,000,000.000 SBD
percent_steem_dollars10,000
author_curate_reward""
vote details (1)
@alphajiggy ·
Interesting. Thank you for sharing what you know about all this.

The genes said to control illness from exposure are labeled the HLA DR for a multi-symptom and multi-system illlness known as CIRS or Chronic Inflammatory Response Syndrome. 

The doctors and medical professionals who have managed diagnostics and research of this illness provide information on www.survivingmold.com 

I have combed through some of the research papers and am still trying to understand what should be noticed in these to signify results, other than going just by what is said/written without statistics and examples of groups of patients.

There are MDs available for consultation/appointments who are certified under the Shoemaker Protocol of treating people with this illness from mycotoxin exposure.

Are there other known treatment standards and professionals you would refer people to for treatment if sick from mycotoxins?



Posted using [Partiko iOS](https://partiko.app/referral/alphajiggy)
👍  
properties (23)
post_id80,011,905
authoralphajiggy
permlinkalphajiggy-re-sco-re-alphajiggy-alphajiggy-re-sco-mycotoxins-fxiak0n8b9-20190915t003315535z
categoryblog
json_metadata{"app":"partiko","client":"ios"}
created2019-09-15 00:33:15
last_update2019-09-15 00:33:15
depth3
children3
net_rshares24,249,867,804
last_payout2019-09-22 00:33:15
cashout_time1969-12-31 23:59:59
total_payout_value0.000 SBD
curator_payout_value0.000 SBD
pending_payout_value0.000 SBD
promoted0.000 SBD
body_length982
author_reputation693,603,236,704
root_titleMycotoxins
beneficiaries[]
max_accepted_payout1,000,000.000 SBD
percent_steem_dollars10,000
author_curate_reward""
vote details (1)
@lemouth ·
$0.14
na6xw1d9d
Great to read again something from you! :)

I am quite afraid of organic food at the moment, for the reason it starts to be as industrial as non-organic food, and that the gains in eating organic are often lost by the trip the food has to make to end into our plates. I turn out to prefer local chains, where I know all the intermediates: me and the farmer. OK, it is maybe not 100% organic (because this is a label that needs to be obtained in a sometimes unrealistic manner), but at least I know what he does and I agree with that (something we could call <i>“reasonable”</i> farming).

After this blabla, let’s go back to your article…

> If you want to continue cooking with canned tomatoes or eating pistachios without hesitation, don't read any further. 

Great! I just bought yesterday dozens of kg of tomatoes to produce my own tomato sauce and ketchup for the next winter! ^^

> And there is a simple reason for this: there is almost no economic interest in toxicology. 

The exact problem of most interesting fields of science.
👍  , , , ,
properties (23)
post_id80,032,769
authorlemouth
permlinkna6xw1d9d
categoryblog
json_metadata{"tags":"steemstem","app":"steemstem"}
created2019-09-15 18:42:36
last_update2019-09-15 18:42:36
depth1
children1
net_rshares617,561,460,191
last_payout2019-09-22 18:42:36
cashout_time1969-12-31 23:59:59
total_payout_value0.071 SBD
curator_payout_value0.070 SBD
pending_payout_value0.000 SBD
promoted0.000 SBD
body_length1,037
author_reputation169,824,365,246,174
root_titleMycotoxins
beneficiaries[]
max_accepted_payout1,000,000.000 SBD
percent_steem_dollars10,000
author_curate_reward""
vote details (5)
@sco ·
$0.02
Hey there, thanks for reading and commenting!

> The exact problem of most interesting fields of science.

Yep.

> I am quite afraid of organic food at the moment

I'm not a big fan of organic food either. Some of the things they do might be quite alright, but some effort to fulfill the requirements AND to stay competitive are just beyond stupid. E.g. using "no pesticides", but instead spoiling the earth with copper sulfate, which is a mineral and thus officially "organic", but has exactly the same effects as a persticide/herbicide (=killing weeds and microorganisms), just that it's more ruinous to the soil than most common pesticides.
*facepalm*

Plus there is no proven health benefit of organic agriculture, propably because a) pesticides are strongly regulated (at least in the EU) and b) any positive effect of lacking pesticides is checked by the plus of natural toxins like mycotoxins.

I also tend to buy local instead.



👍  
properties (23)
post_id80,034,508
authorsco
permlinkre-lemouth-na6xw1d9d-20190915t195410796z
categoryblog
json_metadata{"community":"busy","app":"busy\/2.5.6","format":"markdown","tags":["blog"],"users":[],"links":[]}
created2019-09-15 19:54:15
last_update2019-09-15 19:54:15
depth2
children0
net_rshares98,710,637,926
last_payout2019-09-22 19:54:15
cashout_time1969-12-31 23:59:59
total_payout_value0.010 SBD
curator_payout_value0.010 SBD
pending_payout_value0.000 SBD
promoted0.000 SBD
body_length939
author_reputation26,034,878,518,689
root_titleMycotoxins
beneficiaries[]
max_accepted_payout1,000,000.000 SBD
percent_steem_dollars10,000
author_curate_reward""
vote details (1)
@dexterdev ·
I really enjoyed reading your article @sco.  Waiting for upcoming ones in this series. 😊
👍  
properties (23)
post_id80,080,836
authordexterdev
permlinkpxz1x9
categoryblog
json_metadata{"tags":["blog"],"users":["sco"],"app":"steemit\/0.1"}
created2019-09-17 10:46:24
last_update2019-09-17 10:46:24
depth1
children1
net_rshares24,748,556,306
last_payout2019-09-24 10:46:24
cashout_time1969-12-31 23:59:59
total_payout_value0.000 SBD
curator_payout_value0.000 SBD
pending_payout_value0.000 SBD
promoted0.000 SBD
body_length88
author_reputation14,307,229,891,937
root_titleMycotoxins
beneficiaries[]
max_accepted_payout1,000,000.000 SBD
percent_steem_dollars10,000
author_curate_reward""
vote details (1)
@sco ·
Ty!
properties (22)
post_id80,108,351
authorsco
permlinkre-dexterdev-pxz1x9-20190918t092112447z
categoryblog
json_metadata{"community":"busy","app":"busy\/2.5.6","format":"markdown","tags":["blog"],"users":[],"links":[]}
created2019-09-18 09:21:15
last_update2019-09-18 09:21:15
depth2
children0
net_rshares0
last_payout2019-09-25 09:21:15
cashout_time1969-12-31 23:59:59
total_payout_value0.000 SBD
curator_payout_value0.000 SBD
pending_payout_value0.000 SBD
promoted0.000 SBD
body_length3
author_reputation26,034,878,518,689
root_titleMycotoxins
beneficiaries[]
max_accepted_payout1,000,000.000 SBD
percent_steem_dollars10,000
@agmoore2 ·
$0.06
fgk7bxp65
This is why I waited to read your article--I knew I'd be looking up information to find out just what those toxins can do. My first article: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6468410/
Just started reading it.  This will follow me on my iPad..... 
A great article.  Not so great for someone afflicted with mild food paranoia :)
👍  , , , , ,
properties (23)
post_id80,103,615
authoragmoore2
permlinkfgk7bxp65
categoryblog
json_metadata{"tags":"steemstem","app":"steemstem"}
created2019-09-18 05:13:12
last_update2019-09-18 05:13:12
depth1
children1
net_rshares267,916,780,922
last_payout2019-09-25 05:13:12
cashout_time1969-12-31 23:59:59
total_payout_value0.029 SBD
curator_payout_value0.028 SBD
pending_payout_value0.000 SBD
promoted0.000 SBD
body_length337
author_reputation11,191,515,199,915
root_titleMycotoxins
beneficiaries[]
max_accepted_payout1,000,000.000 SBD
percent_steem_dollars10,000
author_curate_reward""
vote details (6)
@sco ·
Ah, a paper by Isabelle Oswald. Great lady, met her is Lisbon this year.

And sorry. ;-)
properties (22)
post_id80,108,375
authorsco
permlinkre-agmoore2-fgk7bxp65-20190918t092218613z
categoryblog
json_metadata{"community":"busy","app":"busy\/2.5.6","format":"markdown","tags":["blog"],"users":[],"links":[]}
created2019-09-18 09:22:21
last_update2019-09-18 09:22:21
depth2
children0
net_rshares0
last_payout2019-09-25 09:22:21
cashout_time1969-12-31 23:59:59
total_payout_value0.000 SBD
curator_payout_value0.000 SBD
pending_payout_value0.000 SBD
promoted0.000 SBD
body_length88
author_reputation26,034,878,518,689
root_titleMycotoxins
beneficiaries[]
max_accepted_payout1,000,000.000 SBD
percent_steem_dollars10,000
@tking77798 ·
79d9tzi96
Nice post @sco. I'm giving a lecture on fungi this week in my microbiology lab and I'll try to slip in something about mycotoxins!
👍  
properties (23)
post_id80,113,835
authortking77798
permlink79d9tzi96
categoryblog
json_metadata{"tags":"steemstem","app":"steemstem"}
created2019-09-18 13:33:30
last_update2019-09-18 13:33:30
depth1
children1
net_rshares48,451,129,342
last_payout2019-09-25 13:33:30
cashout_time1969-12-31 23:59:59
total_payout_value0.000 SBD
curator_payout_value0.000 SBD
pending_payout_value0.000 SBD
promoted0.000 SBD
body_length130
author_reputation14,491,425,587,942
root_titleMycotoxins
beneficiaries[]
max_accepted_payout1,000,000.000 SBD
percent_steem_dollars10,000
author_curate_reward""
vote details (1)
@sco ·
Thanks.
properties (22)
post_id80,116,127
authorsco
permlinkre-tking77798-79d9tzi96-20190918t145331627z
categoryblog
json_metadata{"community":"busy","app":"busy\/2.5.6","format":"markdown","tags":["blog"],"users":[],"links":[]}
created2019-09-18 14:53:36
last_update2019-09-18 14:53:36
depth2
children0
net_rshares0
last_payout2019-09-25 14:53:36
cashout_time1969-12-31 23:59:59
total_payout_value0.000 SBD
curator_payout_value0.000 SBD
pending_payout_value0.000 SBD
promoted0.000 SBD
body_length7
author_reputation26,034,878,518,689
root_titleMycotoxins
beneficiaries[]
max_accepted_payout1,000,000.000 SBD
percent_steem_dollars10,000
@steemstem ·
$0.05
<div class='text-justify'>

<div class='pull-left'> <center> <img width='200' src='https://res.cloudinary.com/drrz8xekm/image/upload/v1553698283/weenlqbrqvvczjy6dayw.jpg'> </center>

</div>

<br /><br /><br /><br />

This post has been further promoted on [Facebook](https://www.facebook.com/OfficialsteemSTEM/photos/a.465896593879065/725192437949478/), [Instagram](https://www.instagram.com/p/B2kW0MchkMi/), [Reddit](https://www.reddit.com/r/SteemSTEM/comments/d5djck/mycotoxins//) and [Twitter](https://twitter.com/steemstem_/status/1174342756031819777) by the SteemSTEM team!

<br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br />

</div>
👍  , , ,
properties (23)
post_id80,126,533
authorsteemstem
permlinksteemstem-app-comment-1568843206
categoryblog
json_metadata{"tags":"steemstem","app":"steemstem"}
created2019-09-18 21:46:48
last_update2019-09-18 21:46:48
depth1
children0
net_rshares217,374,015,352
last_payout2019-09-25 21:46:48
cashout_time1969-12-31 23:59:59
total_payout_value0.023 SBD
curator_payout_value0.022 SBD
pending_payout_value0.000 SBD
promoted0.000 SBD
body_length631
author_reputation220,461,792,063,618
root_titleMycotoxins
beneficiaries[]
max_accepted_payout1,000,000.000 SBD
percent_steem_dollars10,000
author_curate_reward""
vote details (4)