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The treasures of the Tianjian Museum !天津博物馆藏宝之精品! by bxt

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· @bxt ·
$15.69
The treasures of the Tianjian Museum !天津博物馆藏宝之精品!
There are many treasures in the Tianjian museum , i had introuduced two of my favourites a few days ago. Now , i will share other most expensive treasures with you . 

天津博物馆里的藏品很多,之前介绍了两个我最喜欢的,今天给大家分享的这几款也非常的精美,也是馆内重量级的珍宝之一。

新石器时代红山文化 黄玉猪龙形珮(距今约6000-5000年)
高14.1厘米 宽10.4厘米


![IMG_3316_2.jpg](https://steemitimages.com/DQmZHeAzVVaHemWVxmK7w5zBVu3UvjuRPRmK5Xk7UfUZtMY/IMG_3316_2.jpg)



![IMG_3316_副本.jpg](https://steemitimages.com/DQmew5RdL6PWhdi4JJM9g4Yvbo8iYYnc4FRxWksozQHpteJ/IMG_3316_%E5%89%AF%E6%9C%AC.jpg)


黄玉猪龙用黄绿色岫岩玉雕琢而成,材质温润。其体形肥硕,首部有竖立大耳,大圆眼,鼻梁有多道皱纹,嘴部紧闭前突,嘴与尾相对,头尾间留有缺口,背颈有一对钻孔。此器磨光匀润,刻线流畅,工艺精美,是镇馆之宝。


宋 青玉龙首饰

该器高17.2厘米、宽10.4厘米,青玉质,质地纯正,局部有黄色沁,体大且造型浑重、气韵宏伟。

![IMG_3317_.jpg](https://steemitimages.com/DQmXv9RaCGNBrnSE3PUzx1Vw5rm29E6ZqCh5i4oY1HTk3TJ/IMG_3317_.jpg)


![IMG_3318_.jpg](https://steemitimages.com/DQmTpfuTo28dFL7RzmWJK44RBWmfzCYmdU1vY5f6QZpjPLx/IMG_3318_.jpg)


整体采用镂雕、浅浮雕兼细阴线的雕琢技法,制作工艺复杂细腻。龙眼瞠目圆睁,龙眉粗重浓密,其口中含珠,上唇龇出尖利龙齿,龙唇上下翻卷呈卷云状,颔下有须,腮部饰火焰纹,颈上饰鳞纹及粗密的鬣,头顶雕龙耳及粗壮的龙角。沿颈向下为管状,一边穿三孔。


此件青玉龙首饰为传世孤品,到目前为止并未发现有同类型器物出土或其他传世品,因此对其功能的考释尚无定论,主要有两种意见:一是认为该器是帝王天子车辇端首的玉饰。帝王车辂通常在显要部位用玉做装饰,根据龙颈部中空并钻孔的设计,推测可能是将龙首横向嵌于宋代宫廷车辇的端首之上;

二是认为该器是帝王御用权杖顶端的装饰物。龙头杖首早在西周时期就已出现,唐代时期盛兴,宋代继续发展,元代沿用。《后汉书•礼仪志》记载:“事始七十者,授之以玉杖,端以鸠鸟为饰,鸠者,不噎鸟也,欲老人不噎。”其含意是古人认为久病虚损之人食鸠肉可以补气,令人不噎,赐鸠杖作为尊老的一种象征,是汉代尊老之风甚浓的表现。汉墓曾出土过玉鸠杖,但与玉鸠杖不同的是,龙首杖应是权力最高统治者所使用,是皇权至高无上的象征。从该龙首神奇威武的气势上推测,很可能是天子专享的权杖,象征了皇帝作为最高统治者的庄重威严。


清 黄玉云纹龙首四耳瓶

高18.5厘米 宽9.1厘米 口径5.3厘米

![IMG_3322_副本.jpg](https://steemitimages.com/DQmPSVHUpNSUzesdD188VJsiupoRCwETGfSVeodypVWEEcb/IMG_3322_%E5%89%AF%E6%9C%AC.jpg)


![IMG_黄玉.jpg](https://steemitimages.com/DQmTEwKwamnTQPr8iTMiTMgPxgK3vmgwCDnUiadqTpYJEaq/IMG_%E9%BB%84%E7%8E%89.jpg)


该瓶用上等的新疆黄玉制成,质地晶莹温润。口方圆,颈部镂雕四云纹耳,瓶身阴线刻细云纹。底座前部为圆雕龙首,圆形凸眼,如意头鼻,座后部阴线刻翻卷云纹,仿佛龙头穿云而出,龙尾似掩映在密云之中,气势恢宏。




东汉 白玉谷纹双螭璧

高15.7厘米 直径13.9厘米 厚4厘米

![IMG_.jpg](https://steemitimages.com/DQmVTUYQ3xicEWd7jepBUMbyzywbRQPeJQ4GxxW2AcJiRGJ/IMG_.jpg)


玉质呈青色,多处有黑褐色沁斑。出廓部采用镂雕技法,双螭螭首相对,伏于璧上,中间以一尖状物相隔。螭圆眼、耷耳、独角,身以细阴线雕琢的圆圈纹及毛纹饰鳞毛,螭身造型卷曲繁复,线条灵活优美。玉璧表面饰乳钉纹,每个乳钉琢磨得规整统一,其地子打磨平整光滑,极显工匠完美的雕琢技艺和高超的治玉水准。


青铜器  商 饕餮纹铙

 此铙,口纵23.8厘米,口横35.5厘米,通高47.5厘米。




此铙为合瓦形,形体高大厚重,口沿微呈凹弧形,两侧自下向上斜张,粗柄上有突起的一周,柄中空并与内腔相连通。铙体前后均饰有饕餮纹,内填雷纹,柄及铙顶部也遍饰雷纹,整体纹饰精美粗犷,生动立体。

![IMG_3320_副本.jpg](https://steemitimages.com/DQmSyHPsjUF27MNzAhtb8CrAyUrECZrCHPf3SQcWMFLBNfq/IMG_3320_%E5%89%AF%E6%9C%AC.jpg)

此资料来源于360 搜索, 照片是我自己拍的。 

感谢您的阅读!
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@badol1994 ·
exclint photography. thank you
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@victory622 ·
原来玉猪龙长这个样子。
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@bxt ·
是啊, 的确令人惊讶!
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@catwomanteresa ·
玉的晶瑩通透實在很令人喜愛
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