create account

The Scottish Roots of Renowned Russian Writer Mikhail Lermontov by seanreilly

View this thread on steemit.com
· @seanreilly · (edited)
$2.66
The Scottish Roots of Renowned Russian Writer Mikhail Lermontov
My wife, Victoria, is Russian and ever since we met, have always been intrigued by the various cultural links between our two countries. One day while watching TV we discovered ‘Brian Cox’s Russia’ on the BBC iPlayer, a show exploring the various Scots who made an impact on Russia’s vast history. 

We learned that Charles Cameron was architect to Empress Catherine II, General Patrick Gordon was Peter the Great’s chief military adviser, Prince Mikhail Barclay was commander during the Napoleonic wars, and Admiral Samuel Greig reformed Russia’s Baltic fleet. But rather surprisingly, our jaws dropped once we found out that Mikhail Lermontov, the most important Russian writer after Alexander Pushkin, descended from the Learmonth’s of Fife.

![Poet Mikhail Lermontov 1.jpg](https://ipfs.busy.org/ipfs/QmRnmoHMufSmaD8sCL3nUTvA1GCW9muW7A5vbwFRtdfwcN)
<sub>Mikhail Lermontov in 1837.</sub> <sub><a title="Image Source" href="http://www.https://24smi.org/person/5603-kniazhna-meri.html">Image Source</a></sub>

One of Russia’s favourite sons - Mikhail Lermontov, was born in Moscow on Oct. 15, 1814. Two hundred years later, a bronze memorial in honour of Lermontov was unveiled in the tiny village of Earlston in Scotland. The monument was part of an international festival to celebrate the writer’s birthday and is the first monument in my homeland dedicated to a Russian literary figure.

Mikhail Lermontov can be traced back to George Learmonth of Fife, who, descended from the 13th-century poet - Thomas the Rhymer. According to legend, Thomas predicted bloody battles, and even the union of Britain’s thrones. But not even he could have foreseen that Earlston would one day lay claim to the greatest figure in Russian Romanticism.

![Earlston.jpg](https://ipfs.busy.org/ipfs/QmeyBqjuLiopte5YfrYP5CJbdwgcqnAWbqKoWdKumCuD1s)
<sub>Earlston - shown pinpointed on a map.</sub>

George Learmonth was an adventurous military man who decided to seek fortune in eastern Europe. Having served as an officer in the Polish-Lithuanian army, he eventually settled in Russia during the 17th century after being captured by Russian troops. Recruited by Tsar Mikhail Romanov, he enjoyed many successful campaigns in the Caucasus and was rewarded with estates for his successes on the battlefield. He changed his name to Lermontov and founded the prominent dynasty into which Mikhail was born.

![800px-Tarkhany_Август_2008_049.jpg](https://ipfs.busy.org/ipfs/QmXjHRKMcDT4JYsy5MtFhdY9yMdqP1bkVyefJNHfBn4Qn5)
<sub> The writer's house museum on the Tarkhany estate in Lermontovo. </sub><sub><a title="Image Source" href="http://www.tarhany.ru/museum/jekspozicii">Image Source</a></sub>

<center>![Lermontov Coat of Arms.jpg](https://ipfs.busy.org/ipfs/QmYyjWhUc8o3GenE7TvETBoNoL93da34NbUetMLaykstca)
<sub>Lermontov coat of arms. </sub><sub><a title="Image Source" href="http://biografiya-ru.narod.ru/olderfiles/1/lermontov.jpg">Image Source</a>
</sub></center>

Mikhail’s father, Yuri, also pursued a military career. After progressing the ranks to captain, he married Maria Arsenyeva, a wealthy heiress from a powerful aristocratic family. On October 15, 1814, Maria gave birth to Mikhail in Moscow. 

![М. Лермонтова.jpg](https://ipfs.busy.org/ipfs/QmXWJz2SGpLNYbbVdLac4RGNRKAUBkD2uBXwSEcDqBqVV3)
<sub>Maria Lermontova, the mother of the Mikhail.</sub> <sub><a title="Image Source" href="http://dslov.ru/mos/mo50.htm">Image Source</a></sub>

Mikhail cherished his Scottish connection and said that he owed a debt to Sir Walter Scott. It was also epitomised in his poem “Yearning”, where, as a Raven, he flew over the land of his ancestors:

*Westwards, ever westwards would I fly,
Where flourish the lands of my forbear,
Where in an empty castle, on mist clad mountains,
Rest their forgotten remains.*

![Earlston Scotland.jpg](https://ipfs.busy.org/ipfs/QmNSiSi7F6iooskxqWMQXZqcDopapoXiMCgScuE43E3AKo)
<sub>Valley of the River Tweed - Earlston, Scotland.</sub> <sub><a title="Image Source" href="https://www.flickr.com/photos/jonnobird/6045103460/">Image Source</a></sub>

As well as inheriting his poetic genes from Thomas the Rhymer, Mikhail foresaw the Russian revolution in his poems - but his link to Thomas remained unknown in Scotland until 2011. One day, Gwen Hardie, who runs a poetry group in Earlston, answered her door to two visitors from Russia, one of whom was researching a book on Mikhail Lermontov. The following year, Gwen had another Russian visitor, Maria Koroleva, a descendant of Lermontov through her maternal line. Likewise cherishing her Scottish connection, Ms. Koroleva learned Gaelic, changed her first name to the Scots variant, Màiri Òg, and now teaches the Highland language at Moscow State University.

![Lermontov 200 Tartan.jpg](https://ipfs.busy.org/ipfs/QmUNE8tFHX4PgE97AD8bsZNBa5koKjroK9vwXfrMtjYVQF)
<sub> Lermontov 200 tartan - Designed by Màiri Òg Koroleva.</sub> <sub><a title="Image Source" href="https://www.tartanregister.gov.uk/tartanDetails?ref=11000">Image Source</a></sub>


With the 200th birthday of the writer approaching, it was fitting that the Lermontov monument would erect in Earlston. Though, building it would prove to be difficult. The first prototype had been abandoned because it was largely unsuitable for a small village. Then plans for a modest attempt almost failed after funding fell through. But eventually, sculptor, Stepan Mokrousov-Guglielmi, offered to work for free and Ms. Koroleva raised enough money on her own for the bronze. 

![Lermontov Monument Earlston.jpg](https://ipfs.busy.org/ipfs/QmPW11V3TJQy59E7oR9xaEJG8jSPmi4xUnE7ddrEaZdV32)
<sub>Mikhail Lermontov Monument in Earlston.</sub> <sub><a title="Image Source" href="https://highland-russia.livejournal.com/18119.html">Image Source</a></sub>

Lermontov's work made an impact at a very early age, which is just as well as he died in a pistol duel with a fellow army officer when he was 26. Ironically, five years earlier, the same death had befallen the great Alexander Pushkin with whom Lermontov stands comparison. Many argue that if Lermontov had lived longer, he may have even produced works to surpass Pushkin.

![An 1837 landscape by Lermontov. Tiflis, 1837.jpg](https://ipfs.busy.org/ipfs/QmYtunVJNxW3UAE8gTASqmsCjvWvDXrpfywnS7s4KxUUR2)
<sub> Also a well renowned painter - an 1837 landscape by Lermontov, Tbilisi, 1837. </sub> <sub><a title="Image Source" href="https://john-petrov.livejournal.com/740615.html?style=mine#cutid1">Image Source</a>
</sub>

Today, Russia has thousands of Lermontov’s, and many of their ancestors have also left their mark throughout Russian history. That list includes, Julia Lermontova, the first Russian female doctor in chemistry and the third woman to have been given a doctorate in Europe, and Alexander Lermontov - a distinguished Imperial commander who successfully served during the ottoman wars. 

This specific link between our two countries was fascinating for us to learn about. Now that we have our own family, we have developed a wish to explore our own ancestry just as Maria did. I’m interested to discover the lineage beyond Victoria’s Armenian Grandmother, and Victoria is fascinated by the UK's medieval history. Who knows what ancestry we may discover, and many years from now, will families descended from our own be equally curious about how their Scottish surname came to Russia?
👍  , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,
properties (23)
post_id62,441,565
authorseanreilly
permlinkthe-scottish-roots-of-renowned-russian-writer-mikhail-lermontov
categoryhistory
json_metadata{"links":["http:\/\/www.https:\/\/24smi.org\/person\/5603-kniazhna-meri.html","http:\/\/www.tarhany.ru\/museum\/jekspozicii","http:\/\/biografiya-ru.narod.ru\/olderfiles\/1\/lermontov.jpg","http:\/\/dslov.ru\/mos\/mo50.htm","https:\/\/www.flickr.com\/photos\/jonnobird\/6045103460\/","https:\/\/www.tartanregister.gov.uk\/tartanDetails?ref=11000","https:\/\/highland-russia.livejournal.com\/18119.html","https:\/\/john-petrov.livejournal.com\/740615.html?style=mine#cutid1"],"format":"markdown","community":"busy","image":["https:\/\/ipfs.busy.org\/ipfs\/QmRnmoHMufSmaD8sCL3nUTvA1GCW9muW7A5vbwFRtdfwcN"],"app":"steemit\/0.1","tags":["history","art","poetry","ru","ocd"]}
created2018-09-14 14:34:09
last_update2018-09-14 16:15:27
depth0
children11
net_rshares2,360,201,204,036
last_payout2018-09-21 14:34:09
cashout_time1969-12-31 23:59:59
total_payout_value2.128 SBD
curator_payout_value0.534 SBD
pending_payout_value0.000 SBD
promoted0.000 SBD
body_length7,362
author_reputation7,188,969,923,658
root_title"The Scottish Roots of Renowned Russian Writer Mikhail Lermontov"
beneficiaries[]
max_accepted_payout1,000,000.000 SBD
percent_steem_dollars10,000
author_curate_reward""
vote details (61)
@minnowsupport ·
<p>Congratulations!  This post has been upvoted from the communal account, @minnowsupport, by seanreilly from the Minnow Support Project. It's a witness project run by aggroed, ausbitbank, teamsteem, someguy123, neoxian, followbtcnews, and netuoso. The goal is to help Steemit grow by supporting Minnows.  Please find us at the <a href="https://discord.gg/HYj4yvw"> Peace, Abundance, and Liberty Network (PALnet) Discord Channel</a>.  It's a completely public and open space to all members of the Steemit community who voluntarily choose to be there.</p> <p>If you would like to delegate to the Minnow Support Project you can do so by clicking on the following links: <a href="https://v2.steemconnect.com/sign/delegateVestingShares?delegator=&amp;delegatee=minnowsupport&amp;vesting_shares=102530.639667%20VESTS">50SP</a>, <a href="https://v2.steemconnect.com/sign/delegateVestingShares?delegator=&amp;delegatee=minnowsupport&amp;vesting_shares=205303.639667%20VESTS">100SP</a>, <a href="https://v2.steemconnect.com/sign/delegateVestingShares?delegator=&amp;delegatee=minnowsupport&amp;vesting_shares=514303.639667%20VESTS">250SP</a>, <a href="https://v2.steemconnect.com/sign/delegateVestingShares?delegator=&amp;delegatee=minnowsupport&amp;vesting_shares=1025303.639667%20VESTS">500SP</a>, <a href="https://v2.steemconnect.com/sign/delegateVestingShares?delegator=&amp;delegatee=minnowsupport&amp;vesting_shares=2053030.639667%20VESTS">1000SP</a>, <a href="https://v2.steemconnect.com/sign/delegateVestingShares?delegator=&amp;delegatee=minnowsupport&amp;vesting_shares=10253030.639667%20VESTS">5000SP</a>. <br><strong>Be sure to leave at least 50SP undelegated on your account.</strong></p>
properties (22)
post_id62,443,120
authorminnowsupport
permlinkre-the-scottish-roots-of-renowned-russian-writer-mikhail-lermontov-20180914t145532z
categoryhistory
json_metadata{"app":"beem\/0.19.50"}
created2018-09-14 14:55:33
last_update2018-09-14 14:55:33
depth1
children0
net_rshares0
last_payout2018-09-21 14:55:33
cashout_time1969-12-31 23:59:59
total_payout_value0.000 SBD
curator_payout_value0.000 SBD
pending_payout_value0.000 SBD
promoted0.000 SBD
body_length1,693
author_reputation84,679,401,098,552
root_title"The Scottish Roots of Renowned Russian Writer Mikhail Lermontov"
beneficiaries[]
max_accepted_payout1,000,000.000 SBD
percent_steem_dollars10,000
@gillianpearce ·
$0.03
What fun to discover all that @seanreilly and what a waste that both Pushkin and Lermontov died at a young age in duals.

Did any of the Learmonth’s of Fife remain in Scotland and produce a line of heirs there?
👍  
properties (23)
post_id62,444,027
authorgillianpearce
permlinkre-seanreilly-the-scottish-roots-of-renowned-russian-writer-mikhail-lermontov-20180914t150726911z
categoryhistory
json_metadata{"app":"steemit\/0.1","users":["seanreilly"],"tags":["history"]}
created2018-09-14 15:07:30
last_update2018-09-14 15:07:30
depth1
children3
net_rshares24,037,167,525
last_payout2018-09-21 15:07:30
cashout_time1969-12-31 23:59:59
total_payout_value0.021 SBD
curator_payout_value0.004 SBD
pending_payout_value0.000 SBD
promoted0.000 SBD
body_length210
author_reputation13,148,883,844,448
root_title"The Scottish Roots of Renowned Russian Writer Mikhail Lermontov"
beneficiaries[]
max_accepted_payout1,000,000.000 SBD
percent_steem_dollars10,000
author_curate_reward""
vote details (1)
@seanreilly ·
Yes - the Learmonth's were a clan with noble ties, and the name is well-spread all across the UK today. I believe George left Scotland because his older brother was heir to the family fortune. 

Have you read much Russian literature? :)
properties (22)
post_id62,445,835
authorseanreilly
permlinkre-gillianpearce-re-seanreilly-the-scottish-roots-of-renowned-russian-writer-mikhail-lermontov-20180914t152959586z
categoryhistory
json_metadata{"app":"steemit\/0.1","tags":["history"]}
created2018-09-14 15:30:03
last_update2018-09-14 15:30:03
depth2
children2
net_rshares0
last_payout2018-09-21 15:30:03
cashout_time1969-12-31 23:59:59
total_payout_value0.000 SBD
curator_payout_value0.000 SBD
pending_payout_value0.000 SBD
promoted0.000 SBD
body_length236
author_reputation7,188,969,923,658
root_title"The Scottish Roots of Renowned Russian Writer Mikhail Lermontov"
beneficiaries[]
max_accepted_payout1,000,000.000 SBD
percent_steem_dollars10,000
@gillianpearce ·
$0.02
>Have you read much Russian literature?

No. I tried Dostoevsky's Crime and Punishment once and also Tolstoy's War and Peace but couldn't get on with either of them.

I loved the televised version of War and Peace though.

It's nothing to do with it being Russian. I'm the same with the Austin novels. The books drive me nuts because they are so slow but I love the televised versions. &#128514;
👍  
properties (23)
post_id62,446,663
authorgillianpearce
permlinkre-seanreilly-re-gillianpearce-re-seanreilly-the-scottish-roots-of-renowned-russian-writer-mikhail-lermontov-20180914t154036194z
categoryhistory
json_metadata{"app":"steemit\/0.1","tags":["history"]}
created2018-09-14 15:40:39
last_update2018-09-14 15:40:39
depth3
children1
net_rshares22,716,444,035
last_payout2018-09-21 15:40:39
cashout_time1969-12-31 23:59:59
total_payout_value0.019 SBD
curator_payout_value0.005 SBD
pending_payout_value0.000 SBD
promoted0.000 SBD
body_length395
author_reputation13,148,883,844,448
root_title"The Scottish Roots of Renowned Russian Writer Mikhail Lermontov"
beneficiaries[]
max_accepted_payout1,000,000.000 SBD
percent_steem_dollars10,000
author_curate_reward""
vote details (1)
@trincowski ·
$0.05
Long time no see you! And you've returned with such a big post! Wow! I'm already planning my trip to Russia. Just a couple more months and I'll be there. 😀 
👍  ,
properties (23)
post_id62,449,348
authortrincowski
permlinkre-seanreilly-the-scottish-roots-of-renowned-russian-writer-mikhail-lermontov-20180914t161642473z
categoryhistory
json_metadata{"tags":["history"],"format":"markdown","links":[],"app":"busy\/2.5.6","community":"busy","image":[],"users":[]}
created2018-09-14 16:16:45
last_update2018-09-14 16:16:45
depth1
children2
net_rshares48,779,007,752
last_payout2018-09-21 16:16:45
cashout_time1969-12-31 23:59:59
total_payout_value0.041 SBD
curator_payout_value0.012 SBD
pending_payout_value0.000 SBD
promoted0.000 SBD
body_length156
author_reputation7,318,876,931,172
root_title"The Scottish Roots of Renowned Russian Writer Mikhail Lermontov"
beneficiaries[]
max_accepted_payout1,000,000.000 SBD
percent_steem_dollars10,000
author_curate_reward""
vote details (2)
@seanreilly · (edited)
A long time indeed, life got very hectic over the summer. 😩

You must be excited! Will you spend all of your time in Moscow, or do you plan to explore some other cities?
properties (22)
post_id62,453,126
authorseanreilly
permlinkre-trincowski-re-seanreilly-the-scottish-roots-of-renowned-russian-writer-mikhail-lermontov-20180914t171054695z
categoryhistory
json_metadata{"app":"steemit\/0.1","tags":["history"]}
created2018-09-14 17:10:54
last_update2018-09-14 17:16:33
depth2
children1
net_rshares0
last_payout2018-09-21 17:10:54
cashout_time1969-12-31 23:59:59
total_payout_value0.000 SBD
curator_payout_value0.000 SBD
pending_payout_value0.000 SBD
promoted0.000 SBD
body_length169
author_reputation7,188,969,923,658
root_title"The Scottish Roots of Renowned Russian Writer Mikhail Lermontov"
beneficiaries[]
max_accepted_payout1,000,000.000 SBD
percent_steem_dollars10,000
@trincowski ·
I think Moscow is large enough already. I'll stay there for a week! And I will only see a little bit of the city.
properties (22)
post_id62,459,310
authortrincowski
permlinkre-seanreilly-re-trincowski-re-seanreilly-the-scottish-roots-of-renowned-russian-writer-mikhail-lermontov-20180914t184950704z
categoryhistory
json_metadata{"users":[],"image":[],"links":[],"format":"markdown","app":"busy\/2.5.6","community":"busy","tags":["history"]}
created2018-09-14 18:49:51
last_update2018-09-14 18:49:51
depth3
children0
net_rshares0
last_payout2018-09-21 18:49:51
cashout_time1969-12-31 23:59:59
total_payout_value0.000 SBD
curator_payout_value0.000 SBD
pending_payout_value0.000 SBD
promoted0.000 SBD
body_length113
author_reputation7,318,876,931,172
root_title"The Scottish Roots of Renowned Russian Writer Mikhail Lermontov"
beneficiaries[]
max_accepted_payout1,000,000.000 SBD
percent_steem_dollars10,000
@livinguktaiwan ·
$0.03
Wow!  That's some interesting research you've done there Sean.  I love the BBC documentaries and how they can inspire you to dig deeper sometimes
👍  
properties (23)
post_id62,486,310
authorlivinguktaiwan
permlinkre-seanreilly-the-scottish-roots-of-renowned-russian-writer-mikhail-lermontov-20180915t041106143z
categoryhistory
json_metadata{"app":"steemit\/0.1","tags":["history"]}
created2018-09-15 04:11:09
last_update2018-09-15 04:11:09
depth1
children0
net_rshares23,378,953,012
last_payout2018-09-22 04:11:09
cashout_time1969-12-31 23:59:59
total_payout_value0.019 SBD
curator_payout_value0.006 SBD
pending_payout_value0.000 SBD
promoted0.000 SBD
body_length145
author_reputation47,985,620,068,168
root_title"The Scottish Roots of Renowned Russian Writer Mikhail Lermontov"
beneficiaries[]
max_accepted_payout1,000,000.000 SBD
percent_steem_dollars10,000
author_curate_reward""
vote details (1)
@emperorofnaps ·
re-seanreilly-the-scottish-roots-of-renowned-russian-writer-mikhail-lermontov-20180915t094100055z
You got a 4.07% upvote from @emperorofnaps courtesy of @seanreilly!

Want to promote your posts too? Send 0.05+ SBD or STEEM to @emperorofnaps to receive a share of a full upvote every 2.4 hours...Then go relax and take a nap!
properties (22)
post_id62,502,308
authoremperorofnaps
permlinkre-seanreilly-the-scottish-roots-of-renowned-russian-writer-mikhail-lermontov-20180915t094100055z
categoryhistory
json_metadata{"app":"postpromoter\/2.1.0"}
created2018-09-15 09:41:00
last_update2018-09-15 09:41:00
depth1
children0
net_rshares0
last_payout2018-09-22 09:41:00
cashout_time1969-12-31 23:59:59
total_payout_value0.000 SBD
curator_payout_value0.000 SBD
pending_payout_value0.000 SBD
promoted0.000 SBD
body_length227
author_reputation9,822,504,178
root_title"The Scottish Roots of Renowned Russian Writer Mikhail Lermontov"
beneficiaries[]
max_accepted_payout1,000,000.000 SBD
percent_steem_dollars10,000
@ultravioletmag ·
$0.03
this is so well researched and interesting! now I see how it took you all day !
👍  
properties (23)
post_id62,533,061
authorultravioletmag
permlinkre-seanreilly-the-scottish-roots-of-renowned-russian-writer-mikhail-lermontov-20180915t173616751z
categoryhistory
json_metadata{"app":"steemit\/0.1","tags":["history"]}
created2018-09-15 17:36:15
last_update2018-09-15 17:36:15
depth1
children0
net_rshares22,721,034,419
last_payout2018-09-22 17:36:15
cashout_time1969-12-31 23:59:59
total_payout_value0.019 SBD
curator_payout_value0.006 SBD
pending_payout_value0.000 SBD
promoted0.000 SBD
body_length79
author_reputation11,393,749,492,813
root_title"The Scottish Roots of Renowned Russian Writer Mikhail Lermontov"
beneficiaries[]
max_accepted_payout1,000,000.000 SBD
percent_steem_dollars10,000
author_curate_reward""
vote details (1)