source. The years of life from 1856 to 1943.
Nikola Tesla became famous primarily for his inventions in electricity transmission in the distance.
Being a brilliant engineer and physicist, Tesla surprised them all with his ideas.
For example, many consider him the inventor of the radio. And there's circumstantial evidence.
A. S. Popov made no secret that its wireless, used a grounded mast antenna invented by Nikola Tesla in 1893. That is, for three years before Guglielmo Marconi patented his radio, Tesla had already created equipment is able to transmit and receive radio signals. Just a Marconi stole Tesla's ideas and Popov.
Well, as the saying goes:
one time and he ate.
To the outstanding inventions include the fluorescent light, alternating current, electric motor, control at a distance by radio signals.
Tesla did a lot of research on x-rays.
Doing all sorts of radiation energy.
In this regard, around the name Tesla there are legends about the experiments,
Montauk are related to teleportation, and time travel.
He could not take part in these experiments (if they were of course), because at the time their alleged conduct was already dead (at least officially). But in these experiments allegedly used the equipment is made either by Tesla or on its development.
Nikola Tesla believed in the existence of the ether. This kind of energy matter exists in the universe. He tried to create equipment to allow instantaneous travel through time and space with ether.
But the main goal of Tesla was to make possible the transmission of electricity in the distance.
He even managed to attract funding of their experiments of John Pierpont Morgan.
However, Morgan gave money to build the radio, and when he learned that Tesla creates an installation to generate electricity, so to speak, from the air and transfer it from a distance, stopped funding. There is a theory that Morgan was frightened by the prospect of unlimited amounts of energy that would lead to the uselessness of such energy sources as oil and coal. As in this case Morgan himself and others like him would have lost enormous sources of revenue.
And here again there is a legend associated with the Tunguska meteorite.
Here is what written about this in Wikipedia:
At the end of XX — beginning of XXI century there was a hypothesis about the relationship Nikola Tesla with the Tunguska meteorite. According to this hypothesis, on the day of observation of the Tunguska phenomenon (30 June 1908) Nikola Tesla did for the transfer of energy in the air.
A few months before the explosion Tesla claimed to be able to illuminate the road to the North pole expedition of the famous traveler Robert Peary. In addition, there are entries in the journal of the library of Congress that he asked for the cardthe least inhabited parts of Siberia. His experiments on the generation of standing waves, when, allegedly, a powerful electric pulse focused for tens of thousands of kilometers in the Indian ocean, fit well into thishypothesis.
If Tesla was able to pump up the pulse energy of the so-calledether(a hypothetical environment, which, according to scientific ideas of past centuries, was attributed to the role of carrier of the electromagnetic interaction) and a resonance effect toshakethe wave, then according to this assumption, there must be a discharge capacity comparable to a nuclear explosion.
In life, Tesla was an antisocial person. He did not like to be in the team.
Despite the fact that he attracted the attention of women, Tesla was never married. He said:
Be alone, it is the secret of invention; be alone, that's only ideas. Most people are so absorbed in the outside world that they do not notice what is happening inside them.
Was characterized by extreme microbiophobia. If the restaurant on the table sat a fly, and asked to replace the tablecloth and dishes. Was prone to eccentric behavior. While walking to do a somersault for example.
Tesla claimed that their ideas gets outside:
My brain is only a receiver. From the depths of the universe my brain receives knowledge, strength and inspiration. I have not yet penetrated this secret essence of the universe, but I know it exists.
Nikola Tesla believed in the ether as there is knowledge that the brain simply can get.
And there is circumstantial evidence.
For example the periodic table of the Mendeleyev in a dream.
There is a legend that after the death of most of the research works of Tesla was seized and classified, the FBI, as there was the development of
flying saucers moving through magnetic fields.
Like it or not we hardly know.
Nikola Tesla died in the night of 7 to 8 January, after living 87 years. In January marks 74 years since his death.
But he still remains a genius of mysteries and riddles.
Tesla's quotes are taken from this source
Welcome to today's episode of the
Today in History serial, where I bring you daily historical facts and events of the current date.
On January 23, 1957, the first ever batch of Frisbees came out!
The Frisbee has its origin in 1871. , when William Frisbie opened the Frisbie Pie Company in Bridgeport.
After eating the pies, the local students would throw the empty tins to each other and yell
Totally unrelated to the Frisbie Pie story, Walter Frederick Morrison and Warren Franscioni, invented a plastic disc they called
Flying Saucer in 1948.
The original design by Franscioni and Morrison
Morrison made an solo improvement on the saucer in 1955. eventually selling it to the Wham-O toy company labeled as
A collection of Whem-O Pluto Platters
In December 1967. the company renamed the toy to the name
Frisbee, accordingly to the pie company, but misspelled the name of it.
The re-branding came with a patent by Ed Headrick who was named father of the Frisbee.
Multiple sports were invented around the Frisbee, Ed Headrick himself invented the so called Disc Golf ,or Frisbee Golf, where the goal is to toss the Frisbee into a metal basket.
Ed playing Disc Golf
In 1968, Joel Silver along with others of his fellow students of Columbia High School in New Jersey, started developing a game called Ultimate Frisbee, today known as just
Ultimate,m a mix between football, soccer and basketball.
an Ultimate playing field
Wham-O was a successful company who knew how to market their products.
The Hula-Hoop, the Super Ball and the Frisbee were just some of the successful products of Wham-O.
They began marketing Frisbee and it's sports heavily, resulting in over 100 million Frisbee's sold by 1977.
In 1994, Wham-O sold the original Frisbee to the Mattel Toy Manufacturers, who has the right of the today today as well.
Over the world there are probably hundreds of producers of different models of the Frisbee, from professional ones to the specialized plastic discs for dogs.
Thank you for reading!
I hope you enjoyed today's episode about the one of the most famous outdoor activity toys ever, the Frisbee!
Follow and support me on the @Steemizen project!
...by the year 2020. most of the financial institutions and governments had adopted the decentralization of the financial sector, now days known as the blockchain technology.
The governments and banks started to publish their own blockchain with only alleged decentralization, keeping the control behind the scenes, the so called public permissioned ledgers.
Despite the elite trying to keep the control, they just prolonged the unavoidable, thank to them introducing the blockchain into the financial system, people became aware of the power and wide usability that technologies like the blockchain offer.
Since they were forced to learn more about the cryptography and cryptocurrencies themselves, the people started understanding in what kind of controlled society they lived in so far.
The learning curve pushed people into developing their own blockchains, understanding that they don't need the help of a bank to maintain their own financials.
Companies across the globe began setting up their own public permissioned ledgers.
Permissionless public ledgers alike Bitcoin came more and more into spotlight as the society was learning more about the pros that they brought along.
Soon enough most of the human society, as well as companies and corporations switched over to fully trusting the trustless, permissionless public ledgers.
Trustless ledgers, cryptocurrencies like Bitcoin became not only the backbone backing of businesses, but also have been used for setting standards for the regional trustless cryptocurrencies which emerged across the globe in order to establish easier purchases and trading of common goods and as a wealth storage among the worldwide societies.
This period has been marked as the first global revolution, or by some called the financial evolution, never before in history have the fundamentals of economy changed and the
The financial evolution was just the beginning of what was to come...
Más de una década después la policía sigue sin saber cómo se consiguió perpetrar este robo.
Por la Bélgica del año 2003, nadie podía imaginarse que en el Antwerp Diamond Bank se cometería un robo que J.J. Abrams pasará a la gran pantalla, a través de la productora y distribuidora Paramount Pictures y con Jeff Bridges de protagonista.
Y no es para menos, porque la cámara, considerada impenetrable, se hallaba a dos pisos bajo tierra y con 10 niveles de seguridad que incluían: detectores de infrarrojos, un radar Doppler, cámaras de seguridad, campos magnéticos, sensores sísmicos y una cerradura con más de 100 millones de combinaciones.
El botín nunca fue encontrado y el único detenido, el presunto líder de la banda, cumplió sólo 10 años de prisión, siendo liberado ya en 2013, y acusado por la única prueba que consiguieron: la evidencia circunstancial de un sándwich de salami tirado en la basura y que presuntamente contenía la saliva del hombre que a continuación menciono.
Un italiano nacido en 1952 y llamado Leonardo Notarbartolo, con una gran experiencia, presunta, en planear robos y suplantar identidades.
Tiempo después de su salida de prisión y con la futura adaptación de su historia en una película, Notarbartolo ha ofrecido algunos detalles del robo, como por ejemplo que fue ejecutado por los mejores profesionales del mundo, seleccionados uno a uno como los mejores en su campo.
Desde el experto en sistemas de seguridad hasta un cerrajero apodado "El Rey".
Os estaréis preguntando cuánto se llevaron... Bien, pues sólo fueron unos 100 millones de dólares en diamantes.
Notarbartolo se intentó quitar algo de mérito diciendo que cuando llegaron a la sala donde estaban las cajas de los diamantes, la mayoría estaban ya vacías y que sólo pudieron robar los 20 millones de dólares que quedaban.
De estas declaraciones se deduce que pudo haber una trama aún mayor que habiendo ya robado gran parte de los diamantes, utilizara el robo de Notarbartolo para reclamar a través del seguro la cantidad íntegra alojada en la bóveda.
Os dejo con un fragmento de la película de Ocean's Twelve donde Vincent Cassel nos muestra cómo podría haberse conseguido franquear parte de dichas medidas de seguridad.
Cosplayer: Leonor Hernandez, como el Conejo Blanco, de Alicia en el pais de las maravillas.
Otaku (del japones) extremadamente o enfermizamente fanatico, en la actualidad es utilizado universalmente para denominar al individuo amante de los videojuegos, anime y manga, literatura, ciencia ficcion y cultura nipona.
Este post sera bastante interesante y lo disfrutare mucho.
Son demasiadas las personas que se han interesado por la historia de este hobbie en mi pais, Cuba, y como se inserta en la sociedad, o mas bien como cabemos los cubanos en esta cultura que tan ajena nos es y aun a pesar de que en gran parte nos ha sido negada. Por ello he decidido contarles especificamente en un post como surgio este movimiento en Cuba y como va hasta el momento.
Primero deben conocer sobre tres palabras para entender un poco la diferencia del desarrollo de esta cultura en nuestro pais y luego comenzare la historia, de todas maneras quien quiera saber mas sobre esos fenomenos puede preguntarme y respondere en seguida. Son: Pirateria, Censura, Bloqueo.
A raiz de una apertura cultural tras la caida del Campo Socialista se promovio la entrada al pais de turistas y la visita de quienes habian
desertado con el fin de aliviar el llamado
Periodo Especial (una crisis terrible). El pueblo y por consecuente la television y cine cubanos, obtuvieron algunos filmes y series, entre los que se incluyen los animados japoneses, entre los que resaltaron Voltus V, la Princesa Caballero o filmes de Studios Ghibli, curiosamente a veces no estaban traducidos y eran subtitulados al azar. Muy pocas veces el pais realizo una compra o intercambio oficial de esos productos. Lo cierto es que aquellos videos aliviaron mucho la tristeza en que se vivia, y ademas fueron un cambio chochante ante la animacion y cine sovieticos, rigidos, angustiosos y propagandisticos a los que eran sometidos todos los cubanos. Anos mas tarde se sumaban las primeras consolas de videojuegos como Atari y Nintendo, recuerdo que en cada cuadra habia unaa familia con televisior, o con video, o con atari, y ahi se reunian todos los amiguitos a jugar y compartir, viendo animados por horas y horas. Asi conocimos tambien a Super Mario, Final Fantasy y Resident Evil.
Siempre hubo un suertudo que su familia desde otro pais le enviaba las cosas, y gracias a el se propagaban y terminaban incluso en la tv o el cine. Otros quiza tenian la famosa
Antena con la que podian ver y grabar programas de la tv de EEUU. La propagacion, alquiler y compra de estos videos o juegos se volvio uno de los mejores pasatiempos, por supuesto, ilegales, no por el hecho de ser pirateados, sino por suponer un movimiento de dinero fuera de los ojos del estado, y por contener elementos que a veces podian ser propagandas en contra del sistema, o a favor del consumismo y el capitalismo. Al menos se televisaban algunos de ellos, aunque de vez en cuando con alguna que otra censura. El comic y la literatura tambien caen en este tema.
Cuando esas generaciones crecimos siempre tuvimos una gran nostalgia por esos animados, principalmente los japoneses, por sus temas variados y animacion espectacular, sin siquiera estar concientes que era un genero especifico (de hecho para nosotros eran munequitos chinos) y comenzamos a interesarnos por informarnos sobre ellos, sus creadores, ver nuevos trabajos. Comenzamos a crear club de fans, grupos en los que se reunian amigos a compartirse la ultima informacion que obtenian. El nombre de algunos de esos grupo son Dialfa (proyecto de Divulgacion de Arte y Literatura Fantasticos) y AnK (Anime no Kenkyuu o estudio de anime). Se dieron muchos casos de trabajadores de los estudios de animacion, o estudiantes de arte, que reflejaban en su estilo su apreciacion por esos dibujos extranos, los que por supuesto siempre fueron rechazados por no ser lo suficientemente autoctonos.
Imagen: America Teve
La misma necesidad hizo que este movimiento germinara de esa peculiar manera. Ya en los 2000 alguno trabajaba en un sitio en el que habia internet y podia buscar info o descargar algun video. Con la digitalizacion en Cuba (me refiero al hecho de que algunas personas obtuvieran sus primeras computadoras y lectores de CD), comenzaron a propagarse algunos videojuegos para PC y nuevas series o peliculas en digital, igualmente muchas personas los copiaban o rentaban a otras, lo que influyo en que se propagaran aun mas.
Actividad del grupo Anime no Kenkyuu
En ese momento, gracias a personas con nuestros mismos intereses que llegaron a la TV, aparecio un programa al que todos debemos mucho de lo que aprendimos, llamado X-distante, dedicado especificamente al animado para adultos, y conducido por Mario Masvidal, critico y profesor de cine que se tomo el trabajo de informarse y explicar al publico cubano los generos, estilos y tematicas del Anime y Manga (ahi fue cuando al menos para mi todo cobro mas sentido). Curiosamente, muchos de los videos televisados en ese programa eran proporcionados por los grupos de fans, que dejaron de ser clubs de amigos que se reunian a hablar de esos temas, y comenzaron a avisar cada vez a mas personas, a preparar charlas para informar sobre algun tema, concursos de dibujos o algunos torneos de videjuegos, obteniendo a veces entre 10 y 30 asistentes. Las reuniones se hacian en sus casas o a veces en locales que solicitaban gracias a un familiar o centros de trabajo.
Actividad del grupo Anime no Kenkyuu
Me conformaba con ver sola toda serie que obtenia y rara vez tenia con quien comentarla. Que una persona de repente hablara de anime o videojuegos para mi era como ver un cometa, y de hecho casi siempre de aho surgia un tema de conversacion y amistad. En un anime conoci sobre el cosplay y me llamo mucho la atencion, adore saber que era comun disfrazarse de personajes, pues siempre me encanto el diseno de vestuario, estaba estudiando artes plasticas, queria estudiar diseno escenografico en la universidad; asi que aprovechaba las fiestas de disfraces para vestirme de lolita, aunque nadie comprendiera que era eso. Con algunas redes de conexion de intranet se abrieron foros en los que habian algunas secciones dedicadas al anime y juegos, muchos nos conocimos e informamos en los mismos, en mi caso pude acceder gracias al trabajo de mi madre, asi conoci a mis amigos y de los espacios a los que ir. Asisti entonces a mi primer evento, en el que habian alrededor de 50 personas, fui vestida de mi primer cosplay y no me senti anacronica, y lo mejor de todo: conoci muchas personas como yo!
Esta es la parte de la historia en la que dejo de ser espectadora en 3a persona, a partir del 2011. Pero hasta ahora he escrito demasiado y los voy a aburrir, asi que en el siguiente post les contare sobre mi experiencia siendo mas activa en la comunidad otaku de Cuba. Espero que les haya parecido interesante esta informacion. Muchos saludos a todos, nos vemos en la proxima.
Actividad de AnK. Estoy en el suelo vestida de maid. A la derecha, atras, Leonor, la muchacha de la portada del articulo.
Cosplayer: Leonor Hernandez, as Alice in Wonderland's White Rabbit.
Otaku (Japanese) extremely or sickly fanatic, is used nowadays worldwide to denominate anime, manga, videogames, science fiction, fantastic literature and cinema and japanese culture lovers.
This post will be quite interesting and I will enjoy doing it a lot.
There are too many people who have been interested in the history of my hobby in my country, Cuba, and how it is inserted in society, or rather as we Cubans in this culture, wich is so foreign to us and even though has been denied to us. That is why I have decided to tell you in a post how this movement was born in Cuba and how is it going.
First you must know about three words to understand a little the difference of the development of this culture in our country and then I will start the story, anyway who wants to know more about these phenomena can ask me. They are: ** Piracy, Censorship, Embargo**
After the fall of the Socialist Camp, Cuban government promoted the entrance of tourists and allowed the visit of those who had
deserted in order to alleviate the so-called
Special Period (a terrible crisis). The people and consequently the Cuban television and cinema, obtained some films and series, among them the some Japanese, such as ** Voltus V, the Princess Knight or films from Studios Ghibli *, curiously sometimes they where not translated and they subtitled them randomly. The country made official purchases or exchange of these products only a few times. Those videos greatly alleviated the sadness in the country, and also were a chilling change to the Soviet animation and film, rigid, harrowing and propagandistic to which we were subjected. Years later, the first video game consoles like Atari and Nintendo came in, I remember that in each block there was a family with a tv, or with vhs reader, or an atari, and they recieved all the kids to play and share, watching animation for hours and hours. We also met * Super Mario, Final Fantasy and Resident Evil **.
There was always a lucky boy that recieved new things from his family at another country, and thanks to him they spread and ended up even on TV or movies. Others perhaps had the famous
Antenna with which they could watch and record programs of the USA tv. The propagation, rental and purchase of these videos or games became one of the best hobbies, of course, illegal, not because of the piracy, but for supposing a movement of money outside the eyes of the state, and for containing elements such as propaganda against the system, or in favor of consumerism and capitalism. At least some of them were televised, although occasionally with some censorship. It also hapened with comics and science fiction or fantastic literature.
When these generations grew up, we always had a great nostalgia for these cartoons, mainly the Japanese ones, for their varied themes and spectacular animation, without even being aware that it was a specific genre (in fact they were Chinese cartoon to us) and we started to get interested in informing ourselves about them, their creators, see new works. We started to create fan clubs, groups that met friends to share the latest information they obtained. The names of some of these group are ** Dialfa ** (Project of Disclosure of Art and Literature Fantasticos) and ** AnK ** (Anime no Kenkyuu or study of anime). There were many cases of animators , or art students, which reflected in their style their appreciation for those strange drawings , and of course were always rejected because they were not ''authentical'' enough.
The necessity itself made this movement grow in that peculiar way. Already in the 2000 some people had the opportunity to work at a place with internet and could look for info or download some videos. With the digitization in Cuba (I mean the fact that some people got their first computers and CD players), some video games for PC and new series or movies began to be propagated, many people also copied or rented them, which influenced them to propagate even more.
Thanks to people with our same interests who started working at TV, they created a program to which we all owe much of what we learned, called ** X-distant **, specifically dedicated to adult anime, and led by Mario Masvidal, a critic and film teacher who informed himself and explain to the Cuban public the genres, styles and themes of Anime and Manga (that was when at least for me everything started to make sense). Curiously, many of the videos televised in that program were provided by fan groups, who stopped being clubs of friends who met to talk about those topics, and began to warn more and more people, to prepare talks about some theme, drawing competitions or some tournaments of videjuegos, obtaining sometimes between 10 and 30 attendants. The meetings were held in their homes or sometimes in places that requested thanks to a family member or work centers.
I was content to watch series alone and rarely had someone to comment it with. Sometimes a random person suddenly spoke of anime or video games, it was like watching a comet, and in fact, almost always we started talking and became friends. In an anime I learned about cosplay and it fascinated me, I loved to know that it was common to dress up as characters, because I always loved costume design, I was studying fine arts, I wanted to study stage design in the university; So I took advantage of every costume party to dress up as a lolita, even though no one understood that it was. Lately they opened some intranet connection networks with forums where there were some sections dedicated to anime and games. In my case I could access thanks to my mother's work, so I met my friends and knew the spaces to go to. I attended my first event al the comic library ''Vitrina de Valonia'', which had about 50 people, I was dressed in my first cosplay and I did not feel anachronistic, and best of all: I met many people like me!
This is the part of the story in which I stopped being a spectator in 3rd person, in 2011. I have written too much and I am going bore you, so in the next post I will tell you about my experience being more active in the otaku community of Cuba. I hope you found this information interesting. Many greetings to all, see you next time.
Anime no Kenkyuu's event. I'm on the floor, as a maid. To the right, behind, Leonor, the girl on the cover of the article.
More than a decade later the police still do not know how this theft was achieved.
Belgium, year 2003. Nobody could imagine that in the Antwerp Diamond Bank would be commit a robbery that J.J. Abrams will go on the big screen, through production and distribution company Paramount Pictures and with Jeff Bridges as protagonist.
And no wonder, because the vault, considered impenetrable, was two floors below ground and with 10 levels of security that included: infrared detectors, Doppler radar, security cameras, magnetic fields, seismic sensors and a lock with more than 100 million combinations.
The booty was never found and the only arrested, the band's presumed leader, served only 10 years in prison, being released as early as 2013, and charged with the only evidence they got: circumstantial evidence of a salami sandwich thrown into the garbage and which presumably contained the man's saliva which I mention below.
An Italian born in 1952 and named Leonardo Notarbartolo, with great experience, presumed, to plan robberies and to supplant identities.
Time after his release from prison and with the future adaptation of his story in a film, Notarbartolo has offered some details of the robbery, such as that he was executed by the best professionals in the world, selected one by one as the best in their fields.
From the expert in security systems to a locksmith nicknamed "The King".
You'll be wondering how much they took away ... Well, that's just $100 million in diamonds.
Notarbartolo tried to remove some merit saying that when they arrived at the room where the diamond cases were, most were already empty and could only steal the remaining $20 million.
From these statements it follows that there could be an even greater plot than having already stolen much of the diamonds, used the robbery of Notarbartolo to claim through insurance the whole amount housed in the vault.
I leave you with a snippet of Ocean's Twelve where Vincent Cassel shows us how some of these security measures could have been crossed.
Hace mucho pero mucho tiempo, en la tierra del lejano Oriente el cielo tenía diez soles, cuando no se ponían de acuerdo y salían todos, era imposible vivir, el calor quemaba todo lo que encontraba a su paso, destruía vegetación, animales y a los humanos más vulnerables.
Un valiente guerrero llamado Hou Yi , tenía una fuerza increíble, poseía un gran arco y flecha, con el que defendía su nación, viendo como padecían niños y ancianos por el intenso calor, escalo la montaña de Kunlun, tomo su arco y cargo con flechas y de a uno fue matando a los nueves soles sobrantes, al sol sobreviviente asigno un horario de salida y entrada para beneficiar a los seres humanos, así fue como el valiente guerrero Hou Yi se ganó el respeto y el amor de su pueblo.
Una hermosa mujer llamada Chang E, se enamoró perdidamente del valiente guerrero Hou Yi, la pareja se sentía muy bien y feliz, finalmente se casaron formando una hermosa familia.
El guerrero abandono las batallas para poner una escuela de tiro al blanco con flechas, ahora el guerrero se dedicaba a enseñar, cazar y acompañar a su bella esposa.
Entre los discípulos de Hou Yi había un hombre llamado Peng Meng, este hombre no era bien visto en el pueblo por ser una mala persona, pero Hou Yi esto no sabía y muy confiado lo tenía en su grupo más cercano.
Una mañana Hou Yi decidió visitar a unos amigos en la montaña de Kunlun y coincidió con la diosa Wang Mu, esta aprovecho la oportunidad de homenajear su valentía ante los soles entregando una píldora, si la tomaba lograría la juventud eterna, sería un ser divino y ascendería a los cielos.
El guerrero tomo la píldora con sus manos y las guardo, no quería ser un ser divino y ascender a los cielos sin la compañía de su querida esposa, al llegar a su hogar entrego la píldora a su amada para que cuidara de ella, sin comentar con su esposa los efectos mágicos de la pildora.
Peng Meng que supo de la existencia de la píldora mágica y viendo que Chang E era la que guardaba la píldora, decidió pensar un plan para robar y convertirse en inmortal.
Peng Meng esperando que Hou Yi saliera a cazar con sus discípulos, fingió una enfermedad no asistió a la cacería y se quedó, aprovecho la ausencia de Hou Yi acudió a su casa y obligo a Chang E entregar la píldora, la joven mujer sabiendo que no podía luchar con esta mala persona, sin conocer sus efectos decidió tragar la píldora para no entregar a Peng Meng.
En el mismo instante el cuerpo de Chang E tomo forma celestial y se elevó al cielo.
Chang E muy preocupada por su amado esposo, decidió posarse en la luna para estar más cerca de su amado Hou Yi.
Cuando Hou Yi regresó a su hogar fue informado de todo lo que había sucedido, la escuchar las noticia monto en cólera y fue a buscar a Peng Meng, pero el muy cobarde había huido, muy enojado sin poder vengar por su esposa regreso a su hogar, gritando desesperado el nombre de su querida esposa mirando el cielo.
Al caer la noche pudo ver la luna muy diferente, brillaba más de costumbre, en el centro descubrió una figura muy parecida a Chang E, desesperado comenzó a gritar el nombre de su querida esposa, corrió y corrió detrás de la luna con la intención de alcanzarla con la mano, pero cuanto más corría la luna más se alejaba, por mucho esfuerzo que hizo no pudo alcanzarla.
Como no podía hacer nada para cambiar o remediar las cosas, Hou Yi coloco en su jardín una gran mesa, donde depositaba las frutas y las comidas favoritas de Chang E, para que en la ausencia de humanos pueda bajar a deleitar su comidas favoritas, esta era la manera de expresar su amor por la hermosa joven inmortal.
Pronto se corrió la información en el poblado, al ver el pueblo que Chang E se había convertido en inmortal, la veneraban, poniendo ofrendas en sus jardines, pedían paz y prosperidad para el pueblo.
Así fue como se hizo muy popular en Oriente, las costumbres de rendir culto a la luna.
Te espero mañana para disfrutar de otro relato de mi tierra Corrientes.
José Luis Fernández
No olvidar de votar a los testigos, ingresa en el link y colabora con tu voto, Apoya la comunidad Habla Hispana (cervantes)
Si fue de su agrado, por favor ayuda a difundir mi canal, comparte en tu canal, reesteemit.
Long ago but long ago, in the land of the Far East the sky had ten suns, when they did not agree and all came out, it was impossible to live, the heat burned everything that found in its path, destroyed vegetation, animals and humans More vulnerable.
A brave warrior named Hou Yi, he had an incredible strength, he possessed a great bow and arrow, with which he defended his nation, seeing as children and old men suffered from the intense heat, climbed the mountain of Kunlun, took his bow and charge with arrows And to one was killing the remaining nine suns, to the survivor sun assigned a schedule of departure and entry to benefit humans, this was how the brave warrior Hou Yi earned the respect and love of his people.
A beautiful woman named Chang E, fell madly in love with the brave Hou Yi warrior, the couple felt very good and happy, finally married into a beautiful family.
The warrior abandoned the battles to put a target shooting school with arrows, now the warrior was dedicated to teach, hunt and accompany his beautiful wife.
Among the disciples of Hou Yi there was a man named Peng Meng, this man was not well seen in the village for being a bad person, but Hou Yi this did not know and very confident had him in his nearest group.
One morning Hou Yi decided to visit some friends in the Kunlun Mountain and agreed with the goddess Wang Mu, this time I took the opportunity to honor his courage before the suns delivering a pill, if he took it would achieve eternal youth, would be a divine being and It would ascend to the heavens.
The warrior took the pill with his hands and kept them, did not want to be a divine being and ascend to the skies without the company of his beloved wife, when he arrived at his home gave the pill to his beloved to take care of her, without comment With his wife the magical effects of the pill.
Peng Meng who learned of the existence of the magic pill and seeing that Chang E was the one who kept the pill, decided to think a plan to steal and become immortal.
Peng Meng hoping that Hou Yi went out to hunt with his disciples, pretended a disease did not attend the hunt and stayed, I take advantage of the absence of Hou Yi came to his house and forced to E to deliver the pill, the young woman knowing that no Could fight with this bad person, without knowing its effects decided to swallow the pill not to deliver to Peng Meng.
At the same instant the body of Chang E took a heavenly form and rose to heaven.
Chang E very concerned about her beloved husband, decided to pose on the moon to be closer to his beloved Hou Yi.
When Hou Yi returned home he was informed of all that had happened, listening to the news in anger and went to look for Peng Meng, but the very coward had fled, very angry without being able to avenge his wife back home , Screaming desperately the name of his beloved wife looking at the sky.
At nightfall he could see the moon very different, shone more usual, in the middle discovered a figure very similar to Chang E, desperate began to shout the name of his beloved wife, ran and ran behind the moon with the intention of Reach it with the hand, but the more the moon ran, the farther it went, the more effort it made, it could not reach it.
As I could do nothing to change or remedy things, Hou Yi placed in his garden a large table, where he deposited the fruits and the favorite foods of Chang E, so that in the absence of humans he can go down to enjoy his favorite foods, this Was the way to express his love for the beautiful young immortal.
Soon the information flowed into the village, seeing the people Chang E had become immortal, venerated her, putting offerings in their gardens, they asked for peace and prosperity for the people.
This was how it became very popular in the Orient, the customs of worshiping the moon.
I'll wait for you tomorrow to enjoy another account of my land Corrientes.
José Luis Fernández
Do not forget to vote for the witnesses, join the link and collaborate with your vote, Support the Spanish Speaking community (cervantes)
If it was to your liking, please help spread my channel, share on your channel, reesteemit.
Today we often heard from everyone that this is an era of science. That is to say, we need science in almost every area of our life. People normally talk about science. Then why is history taught in school? This question may arise in everyone’s mind. So we must have to understand the advantage of reading history, which is not so easy. History keeps the record of many incidents that happened in the past. Everyone knows that all incidents and their consequences are accurate and perfect. Yet there is so much debate on this. If everyone is familiar with those incidents and their consequences, then why there are so much debate? To know more about it we will have to investigate this in detail.
What Rabindranath Tagore said about Indian history:
“The history of India that we read, memorise for examinations, is merely a nightmare of the dark times of India. Who came from where, feuds and fights, rivalries between son and father, brothers, for the throne, the coming up of one group with the departure of another, Pathan – Mughals – Portugese – French – English have combined to make this nightmare increasingly complex. This history would not answer where Indians stand, as if there are no Indians, and only those who have killed and fought, remain. We get the dust storms from foreigner’s written history, but no words of home.
Those countries are lucky who find their eternal home in the history of their nation. History learnt at childhood introduced them to their country. It is the opposite in our case. The history of our country has prevented us from realizing our patriotic homeland. From Mahmud’s invasion to Lord Curzon’s proud imperial roar, history has cast a strange mysterious veil over India. It doesn’t help us get a good look at our homeland, merely covers the vision. It focuses artificial light on such a spot that the history of our own nation is swallowed in darkness.
We must drop the false belief that history of all countries need be the same.”
If you read the whole text, said by Rabindranath Tagore, we will find that he has no problem to understand the matter of history. He has some questions regarding the matter of history. One big question seemed to be there, who would write Indian history, foreign historians or Indian themselves?
This question was raised by Bankimchandra before Rabindranath. He wished to know about the history of Bengalis. He demanded the history of his ancestors should be shared to all Bengalis. Otherwise, they will face problem. Why is it important to have knowledge of history?
Whatever is occurring in our present life, has some connection with the incidents that has happened in our past. That is to say, the past determines the present. It is often seen that the reason behind the present happening always connects to the past incidents. You would read the story of the wolf and the young lamb. The lamb, while drinking water, was caught by the wolf. The lamb was not able to understand his fault. The wolf told the lamb that its ancestors had done wrong with them in the past, and so the wolf wanted to punish the lamb for its ancestor’s guilt. The reason behind the punishment was the lamb’s ancestor’s guilt, which could be discovered in history.
In human history, this wolf is replaced by a foreign indigo trader who has come to set up his business in India, and the lamb is replaced by a poor Indian indigo farmer. It was always found in Indian history that the farmer of India borrowed money from the foreign trader and fell in debt, which continued to next generation. So, in order to pay off his loan, the indigo farmer had to keep farming continuously. The wolf gave the same logic to punish the lamb. You have to make correct the mistakes that had been made by your ancestors. So it is necessary to go back to history to find out what exactly happened in the past. Thus, you need to read history.
The situation may be different. Suppose the argument of the wolf is correct. Now, the lamb discovered in an investigation that its ancestors had not made any mistakes in the past and the lamb becomes able to provide the proof of innocence of its ancestors. Then the wolf may have to leave the lamb. So history can help you find the truth and establish your rights. This means, if the wolf can punish the lamb on the basis of the incidents that happened in the past, the lamb can also use history to prove its innocence. He may even prove he is coming from different family and the wolf has made a great mistake.
Now, let’s replace the wolf with the British imperialist ruler. Let’s replace the lamb with the commoners of India. In order to set up a colony in India, the British ruler said the Indians are uncivilized. They didn’t have any education and the knowledge of science, while the British were already civilized. So it was their duty to civilize the uncivilized the country. And to make it possible, the British rule was necessary to establish there. In this way, the British set up their empire in India.
But the Indians proved that the British were wrong and they openly protested against their judgment. They discovered many references from ruler Ashoka to ruler Akbar and from Aryabhatta to Chaitynadev. They also proved it as Indian history, which was more glorious than British history. So, the Indians provided the reason why they protested against the British ruler in India.
So, you can understand, history not only keeps the record of names of kings, years and dates or description of wars, but it recorded many arguments in its database. History can be a witness and can provide arguments for and against. That’s why, history must be taught in school. It is now clear what the importance of history in our life is.
Let’s move at a second question. If we are aware of the past incidents and their consequences, then there should not have any debate on it. Now, let’s go back to the words said by Rabindranath Tagore. He clearly says that different countries have different history. There is no matching between them. The foreign historian didn’t understand the history of Indian, because it is different from the history of England.
We would now go back to Bankimchandra. He kept demanding a history of Bengalis. He also said that the history produced by the foreigner has many errors. A Bengali person must have to write the history of Bengalis. According to Bankimchandra, anyone who knows and understand the history of Bengalis can write it. Why there are so many debates on the incidents that had occurred in the past. It depends on the way people view the history. If the way of viewing changes its angle, it creates different opinion and thus creates so many arguments that history involves in it. There is a kind of picture which produces different pictures if the way of viewing changed its angle. It is the only picture which has the elements of other pictures. The past incidents and their consequences are the same thing. It always produces different opinion, when the history is viewed from separate angles.
Now, let’s come to Bankim’s proposal. He wanted everyone to write his own history. It sounds good. But then, we shouldn’t forget that there are so many illiterate people in our country. They won’t be able to write their own history. Then who will write it? It will be written by the persons who are educated. But when they will write it, their point of view will surely be different about other’s history. Exactly, the same thing happened with Indian history. There were a few educated people who wrote the history of India. The people who wrote about Sidhu and Kanho forgot to mention those names who were also involved in Santhal revolt. When the same people wrote about Gandhi and Subhas Chandra Bose, they again forgot to include those names who were involved in India’s freedom fight. This means, they neglected the sacrifice of those people.
Now we came to this conclusion that different writer has different viewpoint about the history which creates the time of historical debate. History not only keeps the record of years, dates and names, but it provides evidence and proof of many incidents that are brought by people to support their logic.
Siempre es bueno antes de dormir buscar el equilibrio entre el cuerpo y el alma y que mejor que con estas hermosas imágenes de Egipto
Espero sea de su agrado.
It is always good before bedtime to seek the balance between body and soul and that better than with these beautiful images of Egypt
I hope you like it
This is my reflection of the day, I want to share with you with much respect.
The world is full of small joys,
The art consists in knowing how to distinguish them
I'll wait for you tomorrow to enjoy another account of my land Corrientes.
José Luis Fernández
No olvidar de votar a los testigos, ingresa en el link y colabora con tu voto, Apoya la comunidad Habla Hispana (cervantes)
If it was to your liking, please help spread my channel, share on your channel, do reesteemit
Legend has it that long ago in Indian times, in a village far from the Indian village lived a man named Hilario, a good and kind but a little lonely man.
The sunrises and sunsets have seen him in the company of solitude, his music, the stillness of the plain and the sadness of the countryside.
He walked through the nearby towns hoping to meet a woman to accompany his life, that beautiful woman he had seen in his dream.
She dreamed daily of a beautiful young woman who kept company in her home, dreamed that they lived happily, the house was the same but better decorated, full of beautiful flowers of all colors and birds of all species, sang at her entrance gate to Ranch.
One morning he met Rosa, a beautiful creole, nice and funny, a neighbor in a nearby town, since that day Hilario's life changed forever.
The gaucho lived happily with his beloved, the sunrises and sunsets were no longer solitary, the ranch had become a beautiful home as he had dreamed, full of floral plants of all colors and hundreds of birds trinaban in their tranquera Red stick
A real concert at the beginning and end of the day, it was the gift of the local birds, the wind brought love, peace and hope, filled the house with fresh air and happiness, the moon lay more time on the house of Hilario giving away flashes of Love to this couple of lovers, the sun entered quietly through the crack of the door, to catch the couple naked after a long night of love, blushing would be witnessing the beautiful body of the beautiful woman.
But like all things nothing is forever, destiny works mysteriously and in matters of love is very capricious. One day the gaucho left his beloved wife alone. He had to attend a neighboring village.
They ignored what had prepared the capricious destiny, they took leave with a huge kiss, not knowing that this serial the last one.
There was a cacique named Amuray, an eternal lover of Rosa, although Rosa had rejected him on several occasions, he did not lose hope and constantly went looking for it, as you know the one who seeks, one day he found his beloved Rosa, much angered him. Cacique when he learned that Rosa accepted Hilario's love, I swear under the moon that his love would come, Amuray could not contain her anger, she decided that she had to kidnap the beautiful woman, she had only to wait for the right moment, since then the Far away he watched the movements of the amorous couple.
The destiny favored to Amuray to fulfill its mission, noting the absence of Hilario and being Rosa alone ended its evil work.
When the gaucho returned from his exhausting journey, he came home eagerly to see his dear Rosa, ignoring the terrible news that awaited him, found his home empty, in the backyard there were signs of fighting and horse tracks that came out From the ranch to Indian lands, the gaucho reached conclusions and went in search of the feared kidnapper, managed to reach halfway, the men braided in a fierce struggle, but finally Hilario was able to recover his beloved who was agonizing, taking it in Her arms she surrendered in her beloved's arm and passed away.
Desperate I cry without consolation for his beloved Rosa, while he cried his name, the night took it by surprise, sat on the floor with his love in his arms, with his head tilted to his heart, trying to hear a few beats of life, The dream overcame him and he fell asleep.
The next day the first rays of light woke the gaucho, he woke up in the hope that it was only a dream, from afar he heard beautiful melodies, when he opened his eyes his beloved was gone, in his arms was a wooden box in Form of woman, when playing it came angelic and mysterious melodies.
His beloved love, for divine gift returned on guitar, to accompany him for the rest of his life, with her singing every morning and sunset.
The beautiful guitar plays the role to accompany the pains and feelings of those who have the gift of making their melodies melody, this is the true birth of the instrument in the form of a woman, for divine gift Rosa could return on guitar.
I'll wait for you tomorrow to enjoy another account of my land Corrientes.
José Luis Fernández
Do not forget to vote for the witnesses, join the link and collaborate with your vote, Support the Spanish Speaking community (cervantes)
If it was to your liking, please help spread my channel, share on your channel, reesteemit.
Why is a tank called a tank??
Well that's what they're called, right!?!?
With the advent of the machine gun we saw the death, quite literally, of cavalry. This first became clear in World War I, where armies were stopped death by well positioned machine gun nests. So began trench warfare, a bloody stalemate that would last years.
Nearly as important as the machine gun in causing this stalemate to continue was plain and simple barbed wire.
As it was easily made and deployed it could be placed everywhere. And it was surprisingly hard to get rid of. The armies tried to blow it up and shoot it up, they tried to go over it and under it. In the end the best way to deal with it was to have men go out and cut it. The problem being that they were out in the open and often under fire when trying to do this, with expected results.
Something was clearly needed to break this stalemate.
Armoured cars had been around since 1902 but as they were mainly existing cars modified, meaning they still rode on wheels they were useless on most terrains but particularly useless on the muddy fields of France and Belgium.
The need for an improved armoured car was realised by most of the countries fighting but it was the British that got theres to the battlefield first and gave it it's name.
At first it was envisioned that these improved armoured tanks would be huge and able to carry many men across the seas of mud, hence the name Land Ship that these future weapons were given. But as development went on the larger planned land ships were scrapped in favour for a smaller one that is more familiar to us today.
As the engineers got more confident that they had a weapon that could make a large impact on the war the need for more security arose. It was decided to use a code word to refer to land ships by.
Due to how they looked when their outer shells were removed from the rest of the machine they were renamed 'water carriers', and the story was that they were to be used to carry water on the Mesopotamian front against the Ottoman empire.
Supposedly this name was scraped due to concerns that, as the army likes to use acronyms, they would be referred to as WC's. WC(water closet) is what a lot of people call bathrooms/restrooms.
So instead it was decided to use the name 'water tank' which as you can guess was shortened to 'tank'.
If you enjoy these 'Cool Moments in History' please consider following me for more or if you liked this story in particular I'd appreciate a resteem.
Thanks for reading.
While trolling through YouTube yesterday looking for something good to watch, I came across a great documentary. Anyone that has seen the movie, Rescue Dawn, is at least partially familiar with the story of Dieter Dengler, a German immigrant who, after seeing an American fighter on a strafing run in WWII, felt compelled to become a pilot. He emigrated to the U.S. and joined the Navy. It took a while, but he finally realized his dream. The movie chronicles his getting shot down over Laos and subsequent escape.
In his splendid documentary, director Werner Herzog, traces the life of Dengler from his boyhood in Germany- where he and his impoverished family peeled wallpaper from abandoned buildings and boiled the paste from it for sustenance, to his post war life in Marin County California. Mr. Dengler is truly are remarkable human being. I hope you enjoy this as much as I did.
Yesterday I posted a video about the Holy Grail to a friend's comment and watched it again (for about the 3rd time) myself. It raises the question, is there a Holy Grail and if so, what is it? By now nearly everyone has seen the movie, The DaVinci Code and knows the backstory...that the Grail is in fact the womb of Mary Magdalene which contained the bloodline of Jesus. Fact or fiction? Let's take a two-pronged approach.
First, was the Grail a cup? We know from the Gospels that Jesus said something to the effect:
Take this cup and drink, this is my blood. A very wise man once told me that,
a spiritual man is a practical man. Because this is a spiritual issue, let's take a practical approach. What kind of cup would Jesus be drinking from. Because we know that Jesus was a simple man and not wealthy, the cup was not likely to have been made of gold or silver encrusted with precious or semiprecious stones. What at that point in history did people drink from? I don't actually know, but an educated guess would be earthenware. Probably something similar to terra cotta. What would the likelihood of an earthenware cup surviving 2000 years be? I'm afraid, almost nil. So, although we can assume that there was a cup at the Last Supper, therefore a
Grail, it is almost certainly lost to posterity.
The second approach to the story is the one set forth by Dan Brown in The DaVinci Code. He, among others, asserts that Jesus was married to Mary Magdalene and that they had a child (a girl) and there is a bloodline that exists to today. One point of evidence given is the painting of The Last Supper, by Leonardo DaVinci. In particular, a feminine looking figure sitting at the right hand of Jesus. One fact that jumped out at me (and was apparently lost on our intrepid investigators in the film) was that it was a painting...an artist's interpretation of the Last Supper, not a photograph. Brown apparently based his book on
evidence provided in another book, Holy Blood- Holy Grail.
Tony Robinson, known in the UK for his TV series The Time Team, set out to investigate the claims, both in Brown's book and in Holy Blood-Holy Grail, as well as the possibility of the Grail being a cup...with some very interesting results.
1936 - Looks like somebody was getting a little 'fresh' with our 12-year-old Betsy!
In antiquity, in West Java there lived a princess named Dayang Sumbi. She has a son named Sangkuriang. This child was very fond of hunting in the forest. Each game, he was always accompanied by his beloved dog named Tumang. Tumang actually an incarnation of God, and also the biological Sangkuriang's father, but Sangkuriang not know it, and his mother was deliberately kept it secret.
One day, as usual Sangkuriang go into the woods to hunt. Once when he got in the forest, Sangkuriang start looking for prey. He saw there was a bird perched on a branch, then without thinking Sangkuriang shot it, and right on target. Sangkuriang then ruled Tumang to pursue his quarry before, but Tumang just silent and unwilling to follow orders Sangkuriang. Since it is very annoyed at Tumang, then Sangkuriang and drove Tumang and not allowed to go home with him again.
At home, Sangkuriang narrated the incident to his mother. Upon hearing the story of her son, Dayang Sumbi very angry. She took a spoon, and slapped the head of Sangkuriang. Feeling disappointed with the treatment of his mother, then Sangkuriang decided to go wandering, and left home.
After the incident, Dayang Sumbi deeply regretted her actions. He prayed every day, and ask that one day be able to see her son back. Because of the seriousness of her pray, then God gave him a gift of eternal beauty and youth forever.
After many years of wandering Sangkuriang, he eventually intends to return to his hometown. Once there, he was very surprised at all, because his hometown had changed completely. The Sangkuriang pleasure increases when the current in the middle of the road met a very beautiful woman, who is none other than Dayang Sumbi. Because fascinated by her beauty, then he direct to proposed her. Finally an application is received by Dayang Sumbi, and agreed to be married in the near future.
One day, Sangkuriang ask permission to his future wife to hunt in the woods. Before leaving, he asked Dayang Sumbi for tightening and smoothing the headband. Dayang Sumbi very surprised, because at the time she smoothed Sangkuriang headband, she saw a scar. These scars are similar to scar of her child. Once asked Sangkuriang about the cause of the wound it, Dayang Sumbi increase was surprised, because it is true that her future husband was her own son.
Dayang Sumbi very confused, because she may not marry her own son. After Sangkuriang go home from hunting, Dayang Sumbi trying to speak to Sangkuriang in order Sangkuriang could be cancel their wedding plans. Dayang Sumbi request is not approved by Sangkuriang, and only considered wind alone.
Dayang Sumbi every day thinking about how to order their wedding never happened. After thinking hard, Dayang Sumbi finally found the best way. She filed two terms for Sangkuriang. If Sangkuriang can meet these two conditions, then Dayang Sumbi want to be his wife, but instead if that fails then the marriage will be canceled.
The first requirement Dayang Sumbi wants Citarum river to be dammed. And the second is, ask Sangkuriang to create a very large boat to cross the river. The second condition that must be finish before dawn.
Sangkuriang undertakes both of Dayang Sumbi request, and promised to finish before dawn. With his magic, then Sangkuriang exert his friends from the jinn to help complete the task. Secretly, Dayang Sumbi peek of Sangkuriang's work. She was so surprised, because Sangkuriang almost finished all of the terms before dawn.
Dayang Sumbi then ask for help the local community to hold a red silk cloth in the east of the city. When looking at the redness in the eastern city, Sangkuriang thought that it was late morning. Sangkuriang immediately stopped work and was not able to qualify that have been filed by Dayang Sumbi.
With a sense of annoyance and disappointment, Sangkuriang then break down the dam has he created. Because the burst of the dam, then there was flooding and the whole town is underwater. Sangkuriang also kicked big boat that has been made by him. The Big boat was floated and fell upside down, and then into a mountain named Tangkuban Perahu.
Up to XIX century scientists considered events described by Homer in his well-known poems «The Odyssey» and «The Iliad» as myth. They were sure that the city Troy had never existed, and therefore there wasn’t its siege as well. It was thought that all these events were phantom of Greek’s rich imagination, and poems by themselves were marked down as mythology.
However, in 1822 in German was born Heinrich Schliemann. In childhood he read Homer’s poems and was charmed by them. Schliemann was sure these stories were based on real events. He got a dream to exhume ancient ruins on the site of Troy and find the city described by Homer.
When he grew up he went into business and worked hard to gather wealth needed for carrying out excavations. He was studying history in order to have required knowledges. Everything went exactly as he planned. Schliemann grew rich, studied archeology and Greek. Finally, in 1868 he went to Turkey.
On the Northwest coast of Asia Minor was the Hill of Hissarlik. As thought Schliemann after studying «The Iliad» there were hidden the ruins of the ancient city.
He started excavations here in 1870 and find ruins not only one but several cities which were built one above other. He compared the describing in «The Iliad» with one of the cities. Now nobody doubt that Troy did existed.
In 1876 Schliemann began excavations on the ground of Mycenae and find traces of strong town with powerful defensive walls. As a result of work of Schliemann and another German archaeologist Dernfeld knowledge about the time of the Troy War and before it was augmented noticeably.
P.S. Schliemann was buried in Greece.
P.S.S. His son name was Agamemnon. (Its Greek name which bore the king of Mycenae whose golden mask was discovered by Heinrich Schliemann in 1876)
P.S.S.S. Honestly, your first thought was about Homer Simson?))
Sigale-gale is a dance that originated from the area Samosir North Sumatra, dance is a dance performed by statues or dolls in human form, almost resemble a puppet-common in Java statue is also driven by a puppeteer with the accompaniment of traditional musical instruments , Sigale-gale doll is made of wood and modified in such a way to use ropes that connect the joints so that it can be moved from the back or from elsewhere. in ancient times dance Sigale-gale implemented for certain activities but now Sigale-gale more staged to attract tourists.
In the past purportedly manufacture Sigale-gale sipembuat must be fused his soul with a homemade wooden dummy dolls that could move like a human being who is still alive. Art Sigale-gale estimated to have existed since 400 years ago, this story begins with the story in advance that there was a king dihuta Naidoo had a boy who was very dear. According to the Batak every huta / villages had leaders called by the King in accordance with the territory based on clans, such as clans Silalahi, then in the area of the ruling was the king silalai, as with other clans. Just as in other areas as well in Samosir between the king always do the seizure of territory by means of resistance and war. Call it a king of the area Naidoo ordered his son Manggale take the fight to seize the surrounding area, the presumed killed in the fighting manggale. While he is the only one of the descendants of the king. Knowing the incident, King was sad and very upset. Given that the Manggale son was the sole heir to the descendants of the king but died in the wars. Because kept thinking of his son who died in the wars finally the king fell ill at the thought that he had no offspring who would be able to replace the king. From time to time the king's illness is getting critical and there is no hope for survival. The advisor to King was assembled and a meeting to discuss the King in order to cure leads kingdom again, all the drugs had already given to cure the illness of King. Given the king had not yet recovered the royal advisers had the idea to call Datu (shaman) to membuatkankan wooden sculpture that resembles a face Manggale let the king could soon recovered from his illness.
To meet the demand of the kingdom of Datu go into the forest to take specific and sculpture resembles the face of a child Manggale king. Once the statue is completed, leave the elders and the royal advisors to the forest where the statue on the chisel. Perform the ritual led by Datu that the blow Sordam and call the spirits of children of the king in order to enter into the finished sculpture that resembles Manggale. Then the statue diusunglah to the kingdom while a ceremony was held Gondang Sabangunan. Upon arrival at the royal palace entourage, saw a statue that resembles her son, the king was spontaneously cured of her illness. Finally, the King too can be returned to lead the Kingdom saw the statue exactly like the child's face Manggale.
Statues or the Gale-Gale doll made of wood carved to resemble exactly the likeness of men. Gale-Gale dolls decorated the typical traditional dress complete with linen Samosir Batak ulos diselendangkan on the shoulders of these dolls. Ulos or sometimes called Ulos fabric is one of the fashion typical of Indonesia, especially from Samosir. Ulos hereditary fabric developed by the Batak, Sumatra. From her native language, the word means Ulos fabric. Mangulosi is a traditional activity that is essential for the vagabond. In any event such as wedding ceremonies, births, and sorrow Ulos always been a part of customary always be included. Ulos fabric color has a different meaning and function. One type of fabric is Ulos Antakantak Ulos ie Ulos used as a shawl parents to mourn the dead, but it is also used as a Ulos fabric wound on the event time manortor (dancing).
Si Gale-Gale is usually used as the ceremony in the death of family in the area Samosir. The ceremony is performed to the accompaniment of gondang Sabangunan and followed with or Tor-Tor dance, performed by members of the family, especially the sons of his immediate family. Dance of the Gale-gale is trusted by the citizens Samosir to deliver the spirits of deceased family. Formerly If the Batak family does not have a son, then the Gale-Gale considered as a substitute for the boys in the family.
In the ceremony, the dance-Gale Gale used the Gale-Gale dolls made of wood decorated in traditional clothes Hobo ie Ulos cloth. Musical instruments in the ceremony of the Gale-Gale is Gondang Sabangunan namely a set of traditional musical instrument consisting of Batak flute, drum, gong in which the instrument is played while manortor / dancing.
As a musical instrument devices, often referred to as gondang gondang Batak. Gondang Batak often identified with gondang Sabangunan or ogling Sabangunan and sometimes also identified with taganing (one instrument contained in gondang Sabangunan). From that sense, other Batak musical instrument called gondang Hasapi otherwise known as Uning-uningan considered as not gondang Batak. Though these tools are also included gondang Batak. Gondang Sabangunan and gondang Hasapi used in ceremonies relating to religion, customs and other ceremonies.
Function Si Gale-Gale
Used at the time of the funeral ceremony called Saur matua, namely parents who already have grandchildren. Usually the ceremony is done in two stages with parts: 1. Ceremony in jabu (inside the house) including a ceremony in jabu go to the home page called maralaman 2. maralaman Ceremony (in the yard), when the house or yard held a dance using bonekasi Gale -Gale before delivering the corpse to the grave
Usability or functionality of the Gale-Gale doll is to accompany the ceremony papurpus sabata ie Samosir Batak family funerals. When the doll is believed the Gale-Gale is in lieu of a boy in the family Hobo if in the family there is no son. Naidoo community believe the boy in the family will deliver the spirits of his family to nature spirits when the deceased.
Currently, Sigale-gale has become an icon of tourism in North Sumatra Province in general, and in particular Samosir. There are still some of the statues were carved out decades ago. We can still see the remnants of its appearance, although very rarely. If you want to watch live performances of traditional Batak land it, go to Samosir. There are four places the gale-Gale shows two of which are within easy reach Tomok Village and Museum Hutabolon Simanindo. Visitors can order directly show Sigale-gale with a fee.
Sigale-gale formerly functioned for ritual but now Sigale-gale danced to attract more tourists and as one of the cultural heritage and ancestral heritage of our obligation to preserve it as the next generation
Again, 1928-ish. This time, l'il Betsy Jane in front of her illustrious Father, Carle H. Belt.