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100.0% Participation

Witnesses


Rank Witness Approval % Miss Last block URL Reg fee Feed Bias APR Block Size Version
1 66,263M 17.91% 7 13,140,788 0.22 $1.872 1% 0% 65,536 0.19.0
2 64,603M 17.46% 26 13,140,795 0.1 $1.972 0% 0% 65,536 0.19.0
3 63,955M 17.29% 111 13,140,793 0.2 $1.898 0% 0% 65,536 0.19.0
4 62,381M 16.86% 95 13,140,775 0.3 $2.154 0% 0% 65,536 0.19.0
5 62,053M 16.77% 154 13,140,797 0.2 $1.907 0% 0% 65,536 0.19.0
6 61,525M 16.63% 50 13,140,786 0.2 $1.871 0% 0% 131,072 0.19.0
7 61,430M 16.61% 162 13,140,790 0.2 $1.954 0% 0% 65,536 0.19.0
8 60,774M 16.43% 740 13,140,785 0.1 $1.956 0% 0% 65,536 0.19.0
9 60,637M 16.39% 1228 13,140,787 0.1 $1.861 49% 0% 65,536 0.19.0
10 59,840M 16.18% 207 13,140,791 0.2 $1.875 0% 0% 65,536 0.19.0
11 59,430M 16.07% 162 13,140,794 0.1 $1.980 25% 0% 65,536 0.19.0
12 58,307M 15.76% 104 13,140,796 0.099 $1.852 0% 0% 131,072 0.19.0
13 57,474M 15.54% 394 13,140,774 0.2 $1.860 0% 0% 65,536 0.19.0
14 57,254M 15.48% 152 13,140,778 0.2 $1.859 0% 0% 131,072 0.19.0
15 56,986M 15.40% 86 13,140,792 0.2 $2.084 0% 0% 65,536 0.19.0
16 56,870M 15.37% 176 13,140,779 0.2 $1.959 0% 0% 65,536 0.19.0
17 54,734M 14.80% 108 13,140,789 0.2 $1.884 50% 0% 65,536 0.19.0
18 51,513M 13.93% 179 13,140,777 0.2 $1.943 78% 0% 65,536 0.19.0
19 50,405M 13.63% 163 13,140,781 0.2 $2.090 50% 0% 65,536 0.19.0
20 50,025M 13.52% 1462 13,140,784 0.2 $2.026 33% 0% 65,536 0.19.0
21 49,646M 13.42% 16 13,140,670 0.2 $1.872 0% 0% 65,536 0.19.0
22 49,542M 13.39% 377 13,139,961 0.2 $2.090 0% 0% 65,536 0.19.0
23 48,868M 13.21% 1088 13,140,323 0.1 $1.913 0% 0% 65,536 0.19.0
24 46,977M 12.70% 119 13,140,596 0.2 $1.939 0% 0% 131,072 0.19.0
25 44,433M 12.01% 129 13,140,717 0.1 $1.939 0% 0% 65,536 0.19.0
26 42,947M 11.61% 10 13,140,272 0.2 $1.904 0% 0% 131,072 0.19.0
27 42,499M 11.49% 63 13,140,336 0.1 $1.884 0% 0% 65,536 0.19.0
28 39,256M 10.61% 71 13,140,184 0.2 $1.857 0% 0% 65,536 0.19.0
29 37,985M 10.27% 2088 12,987,956 0.5 $2.074 0% 0% 65,536 0.19.0
30 36,728M 9.93% 807 13,140,696 3 $1.881 0% 0.1% 65,536 0.19.0
31 35,609M 9.63% 315 13,140,497 1 $2.212 -.1% 1% 65,536 0.19.0
32 34,408M 9.30% 138 13,140,624 30 $0.179 -2% 2% 65,536 0.19.0
33 34,079M 9.21% 0 13,140,739 0.2 $1.932 0% 0% 65,536 0.19.0
34 32,865M 8.88% 12 13,140,371 0.2 $2.174 0% 0% 65,536 0.19.0
35 32,791M 8.86% 278 13,140,141 0.1 $2.011 0% 0% 65,536 0.19.0
36 31,511M 8.52% 159 13,140,257 0.2 $1.976 0% 0% 131,072 0.19.0
37 31,330M 8.47% 1096 13,140,073 0.2 $1.780 0% 0% 65,536 0.19.0
38 30,828M 8.33% 614 12,988,367 1 $2.700 0% 4% 65,536 0.19.0
39 30,765M 8.32% 285 13,140,637 1 $2.188 0% 2% 65,536 0.19.0
40 30,506M 8.25% 96 13,140,563 1 $2.000 0% 0% 65,536 0.19.0
41 29,628M 8.01% 125 13,140,293 0.2 $1.937 53% 0% 131,072 0.19.0
42 27,730M 7.50% 25 13,140,382 0.1 $2.151 0% 0% 65,536 0.19.0
43 27,704M 7.49% 22 13,140,221 0.1 $1.901 0% 0% 131,072 0.19.0
44 26,767M 7.24% 1211 13,140,658 2 $1.951 0% 0.1% 65,536 0.19.0
45 25,806M 6.98% 8 13,140,559 0.1 $2.070 0% 0% 131,072 0.19.0
46 25,753M 6.96% 79 13,140,531 1 $1.961 0% 0% 65,536 0.19.0
47 22,725M 6.14% 143 13,140,415 0.1 $1.777 0% 1% 65,536 0.19.0
48 22,433M 6.06% 82 13,140,446 0.2 $1.941 0% 1% 131,072 0.19.0
49 21,944M 5.93% 440 13,140,230 1.9 $2.237 0% 19% 65,536 0.19.0
50 20,349M 5.50% 594 13,140,090 10 $1.914 0% 7% 65,536 0.19.0
51 18,254M 4.93% 1 13,140,513 0.2 $1.939 0% 0% 131,072 0.19.0
52 14,265M 3.86% 216 13,140,394 10 $1.974 0% 10% 65,536 0.19.0
53 12,977M 3.51% 82 13,140,768 0.2 $1.933 0% 0% 65,536 0.19.0
54 11,838M 3.20% 0 13,139,611 0.2 $1.939 10% 0% 131,072 0.19.0
55 11,269M 3.05% 1458 10,628,538 3 $0.166 0% 10% 65,536 0.16.1
56 10,881M 2.94% 1202 12,409,572 13.4 $2.524 0% 10% 65,536 0.18.1
57 10,648M 2.88% 68 13,139,997 0.1 $1.961 0% 0% 65,536 0.19.0
58 9,353M 2.53% 36 13,140,025 0.2 $2.000 0% 0% 131,072 0.19.0
59 9,208M 2.49% 1 13,139,171 0.2 $1.892 0% 0% 131,072 0.19.0
60 8,847M 2.39% 39 13,138,726 1 $2.134 0% 0% 65,536 0.19.0
61 8,158M 2.21% 120 13,140,772 1 $2.016 65% 0% 131,072 0.19.0
62 6,807M 1.84% 0 13,140,182 0.5 $1.907 0% 0% 131,072 0.19.0
63 6,417M 1.73% 111 10,585,615 10 $0.161 0% 10% 65,536 0.16.1
64 5,937M 1.61% 5 13,138,016 0.5 $2.042 0% 0% 65,536 0.19.0
65 4,553M 1.23% 0 13,138,490 0.2 $2.061 0% 0% 65,536 0.19.0
66 4,225M 1.14% 96 7,915,605 5 $0.152 -3% 10% 65,536 0.16.0
67 3,808M 1.03% 3 13,135,953 0.15 $2.024 0% 1% 65,536 0.19.0
68 3,404M 0.92% 384 13,137,569 0.1 $2.064 0% 0% 65,536 0.19.0
69 2,291M 0.62% 882 5,137,283 1 $0.794 0% 10% 65,536 0.13.0
70 2,133M 0.58% 23 13,130,514 0.15 $1.862 0% 0.5% 131,072 0.19.0
71 2,122M 0.57% 134 10,369,069 0.001 $0.162 0% 10% 131,072 0.16.2
72 1,843M 0.50% 1291 5,119,599 8 $0.571 0% 10% 65,536 0.13.0
73 1,784M 0.48% 216 6,227,998 5 $0.492 0% 10% 131,072 0.14.2
74 1,778M 0.48% 866 5,151,436 0.001 - 0% 10% 131,072 0.14.2
75 1,696M 0.46% 144 6,177,169 10 $0.111 0% 10% 65,536 0.14.2
76 1,401M 0.38% 1139 6,387,189 10 $0.103 0% 10% 65,536 0.14.2
77 1,386M 0.37% 44 9,636,695 0.001 $0.360 0% 10% 131,072 0.16.0
78 1,248M 0.34% 249 913,972 100 - 0% 10% 131,072 0.0.0
79 1,196M 0.32% 98 10,659,726 50 $0.179 -2% 4% 65,536 0.18.1
80 1,027M 0.28% 58 13,127,007 30 - 0% 1% 65,536 0.19.0
81 893M 0.24% 47 8,438,527 25 $0.136 0% 6% 65,536 0.16.0
82 847M 0.23% 5 12,995,333 0.2 $2.206 0% 0% 131,072 0.19.0
83 788M 0.21% 1 13,124,539 0.2 $1.933 0% 0% 65,536 0.19.0
84 756M 0.20% 51 13,133,128 25 - 0% 1.1% 65,536 0.19.0
85 747M 0.20% 7 9,472,006 42 $0.117 0% 10% 65,536 0.16.0
86 739M 0.20% 2 13,114,318 0.2 $2.074 0% 0% 131,072 0.19.0
87 645M 0.17% 1 13,114,868 0.2 $2.085 -12% 0% 131,072 0.19.0
88 641M 0.17% 30 13,121,421 1 $1.969 0% 0% 131,072 0.19.0
89 621M 0.17% 7 11,014,078 25 $0.165 -1% 3% 65,536 0.18.1
90 572M 0.15% 55 6,546,635 2 $0.250 0% 10% 131,072 0.14.2
91 544M 0.15% 1356 6,535,418 20 $2.017 0% 10% 131,072 0.14.2
92 533M 0.14% 370 8,983,746 100 - 0% 10% 131,072 0.16.1
93 422M 0.11% 59 9,522,071 0.001 $0.925 0% 10% 131,072 0.16.0
94 337M 0.09% 1 810,094 0.001 - 0% 10% 131,072 0.0.0
95 337M 0.09% 1 893,447 0.001 - 0% 10% 131,072 0.0.0
96 315M 0.09% 4 8,793,205 10 $0.149 0% 10% 65,536 0.16.0
97 289M 0.08% 6 5,632,927 30 $0.368 0% 9.5% 65,536 0.14.2
98 242M 0.07% 2 6,203,802 10 $0.119 0% 10% 65,536 0.14.2
99 233M 0.06% 0 0 0.5 $1.905 0% 0% 65,536 0.0.0
100 195M 0.05% 4 12,636,064 0.2 $2.081 0% 0% 131,072 0.18.2

On the Steem blockchain, witnesses serve a role of validating signatures and timestamping transactions by including them in blocks. A block is any group of transactions (posts, votes, transfers, etc) which update the state of the database. Each time a witness produces a block, they are paid for their service. If a witness fails to produce a block, then they are not paid, and may even be voted out.

Every round of block production begins with the shuffling of 21 witnesses: the top 20 witnesses (by vote), plus one randomly-selected standby witness. Each is given a turn to produce a single block at a fixed rate of one block every 3 seconds. If a witness does not produce a block in their time slot, then that time slot is skipped, and the next witness produces the next block.

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