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Witnesses


Rank Witness Approval % Miss Last block URL Reg fee Feed Bias APR Block Size Version
1 71,972M 19.01% 388 11,523,395 0.67 $0.297 0% 2% 65,536 0.18.1
2 71,877M 18.98% 171 11,523,398 1 $0.286 0% 1% 65,536 0.18.2
3 71,763M 18.95% 1088 11,523,405 1 $0.303 0% 0% 65,536 0.18.1
4 71,676M 18.93% 5 11,523,407 1 $0.307 1% 0% 65,536 0.18.1
5 70,390M 18.59% 158 11,523,404 1 $0.302 100% 0% 65,536 0.18.1
6 70,087M 18.51% 15 11,523,403 0.5 $0.301 35% 0.15% 65,536 0.18.1
7 70,045M 18.50% 83 11,523,410 1 $0.286 100% 0% 65,536 0.18.1
8 69,448M 18.34% 23 11,523,400 0.5 $0.306 0% 0% 65,536 0.18.1
9 69,352M 18.32% 74 11,523,402 1 $0.302 0% 1% 65,536 0.18.1
10 69,316M 18.31% 152 11,523,397 1 $0.306 0% 0% 65,536 0.18.1
11 67,974M 17.95% 82 11,523,412 1 $0.300 0% 1% 65,536 0.18.1
12 67,367M 17.79% 103 11,523,396 1 $0.302 50% 0% 65,536 0.18.1
13 67,364M 17.79% 1131 11,523,408 0.5 $0.316 38% 0% 65,536 0.18.2
14 67,268M 17.77% 157 11,523,399 1 $0.294 150% 0% 65,536 0.18.1
15 67,049M 17.71% 1096 11,523,394 1 $0.286 0% 0% 65,536 0.18.1
16 66,579M 17.58% 103 11,523,406 1 $0.284 0% 0% 65,536 0.18.1
17 65,919M 17.41% 1313 11,523,409 1 $0.291 67% 0% 65,536 0.18.1
18 63,764M 16.84% 734 11,523,411 0.5 $0.297 0% 0% 65,536 0.18.1
19 59,508M 15.72% 159 11,523,413 1 $0.291 0% 2% 65,536 0.18.1
20 59,150M 15.62% 178 11,523,376 1 $0.292 60% 0% 65,536 0.18.1
21 57,812M 15.27% 348 11,523,401 1 $0.286 0% 0% 65,536 0.18.1
22 57,762M 15.26% 15 11,523,360 1 $0.286 0% 1% 65,536 0.18.1
23 56,538M 14.93% 100 11,523,296 0.42 $0.306 0% 0% 65,536 0.18.1
24 55,649M 14.70% 1937 11,523,184 36 $0.302 0% 5% 65,536 0.18.2
25 53,700M 14.18% 128 11,523,241 30 $0.179 -2% 2% 65,536 0.18.1
26 53,415M 14.11% 285 11,523,111 1 $0.292 0% 2% 65,536 0.18.2
27 52,307M 13.81% 26 11,522,975 0.8 $0.291 0% 0% 65,536 0.18.1
28 51,940M 13.72% 521 11,523,165 1 $0.303 0% 4% 65,536 0.18.1
29 47,656M 12.59% 53 11,522,924 1 $0.299 -2% 3% 65,536 0.18.2
30 47,607M 12.57% 49 11,523,088 2 $0.306 0% 2% 65,536 0.18.1
31 47,443M 12.53% 119 11,523,390 1 $0.299 0% 1% 65,536 0.18.1
32 46,985M 12.41% 301 11,523,247 1 $0.305 0% 1% 65,536 0.18.1
33 45,370M 11.98% 96 11,523,220 6 $0.290 0% 1% 65,536 0.18.1
34 41,790M 11.04% 793 11,522,996 3 $0.268 0% 0.1% 65,536 0.18.2
35 40,943M 10.81% 1016 11,523,127 30 $0.290 0% 0.1% 65,536 0.18.2
36 38,871M 10.27% 278 11,523,160 40 $0.298 -2% 2% 65,536 0.18.1
37 38,046M 10.05% 1 11,523,273 20 $0.220 -1% 0.1% 65,536 0.18.1
38 36,934M 9.75% 99 11,522,755 1 $0.301 0% 1% 65,536 0.18.1
39 35,794M 9.45% 109 11,522,910 20 $0.273 0% 1% 65,536 0.18.1
40 34,926M 9.22% 144 11,523,068 1 $0.296 -2% 0% 65,536 0.18.1
41 30,889M 8.16% 561 11,523,044 10 $0.302 0% 7% 65,536 0.18.1
42 28,208M 7.45% 19 11,522,595 1 $0.285 33% 0% 65,536 0.18.1
43 27,408M 7.24% 20 11,522,934 30 $0.285 0% 3% 65,536 0.18.1
44 26,752M 7.07% 75 11,522,876 10 $0.295 0% 5% 65,536 0.18.1
45 25,851M 6.83% 109 11,522,421 42 $0.178 50% 3% 65,536 0.18.2
46 24,430M 6.45% 11 11,523,311 1 $0.290 0% 0% 65,536 0.18.1
47 21,174M 5.59% 357 11,522,674 8.9 $0.290 0% 10% 65,536 0.18.1
48 20,140M 5.32% 1458 10,628,538 3 $0.166 0% 10% 65,536 0.16.1
49 18,292M 4.83% 111 10,585,615 10 $0.161 0% 10% 65,536 0.16.1
50 18,272M 4.83% 214 11,523,347 10 $0.303 0% 10% 65,536 0.18.2
51 18,129M 4.79% 84 10,217,967 67 $0.075 -1% 3% 65,536 0.16.1
52 16,163M 4.27% 370 8,983,746 100 - 0% 10% 131,072 0.16.1
53 14,693M 3.88% 1175 11,522,647 11 $0.168 -3% 10% 65,536 0.18.1
54 13,988M 3.69% 882 5,137,283 1 $0.794 0% 10% 65,536 0.13.0
55 13,665M 3.61% 17 11,521,728 1 $0.300 0% 0% 65,536 0.18.2
56 13,506M 3.57% 2 11,522,365 1 $0.301 0% 0% 65,536 0.18.2
57 12,647M 3.34% 866 5,151,436 0.001 - 0% 10% 131,072 0.14.2
58 12,439M 3.29% 68 11,522,810 0.5 $0.286 0% 0% 65,536 0.18.2
59 11,877M 3.14% 1139 6,387,189 10 $0.103 0% 10% 65,536 0.14.2
60 8,430M 2.23% 67 10,970,428 30 $0.160 0% 4% 65,536 0.18.1
61 5,093M 1.35% 0 11,519,930 40 $0.301 0% 5% 65,536 0.18.1
62 5,026M 1.33% 30 11,519,065 1 $0.161 0% 2.4% 65,536 0.18.2
63 4,027M 1.06% 96 7,915,605 5 $0.152 -3% 10% 65,536 0.16.0
64 3,962M 1.05% 1 11,522,468 0.59 $0.298 0% 1% 65,536 0.18.2
65 3,708M 0.98% 375 11,521,082 1 $0.149 0% 10% 65,536 0.18.2
66 3,600M 0.95% 79 11,518,121 1 $0.299 0% 3% 65,536 0.18.3
67 3,573M 0.94% 1291 5,119,599 8 $0.571 0% 10% 65,536 0.13.0
68 3,531M 0.93% 0 11,517,634 30 $0.301 0% 4% 65,536 0.18.1
69 3,321M 0.88% 28 11,474,663 10 $0.254 -1% 0% 65,536 0.18.2
70 2,822M 0.75% 216 6,227,998 5 $0.492 0% 10% 131,072 0.14.2
71 2,676M 0.71% 134 10,369,069 0.001 $0.162 0% 10% 131,072 0.16.2
72 2,252M 0.59% 98 10,659,726 50 $0.179 -2% 4% 65,536 0.18.1
73 2,209M 0.58% 12 11,514,245 1 $0.301 0% 2.5% 65,536 0.18.1
74 2,207M 0.58% 144 6,177,169 10 $0.111 0% 10% 65,536 0.14.2
75 2,028M 0.54% 55 11,518,324 30 - 0% 1% 65,536 0.18.1
76 2,009M 0.53% 1 11,515,084 30 $0.301 0% 5% 65,536 0.18.1
77 1,848M 0.49% 7 11,014,078 25 $0.165 -1% 3% 65,536 0.18.1
78 1,597M 0.42% 44 9,636,695 0.001 $0.360 0% 10% 131,072 0.16.0
79 1,135M 0.30% 47 11,515,479 25 - 0% 1.1% 65,536 0.18.1
80 1,094M 0.29% 47 8,438,527 25 $0.136 0% 6% 65,536 0.16.0
81 1,065M 0.28% 1 0 0.001 - 0% 10% 131,072 0.0.0
82 783M 0.21% 4 11,516,217 1 $0.301 -2% 0% 65,536 0.18.1
83 759M 0.20% 55 6,546,635 2 $0.250 0% 10% 131,072 0.14.2
84 741M 0.20% 7 9,472,006 42 $0.117 0% 10% 65,536 0.16.0
85 634M 0.17% 1356 6,535,418 20 $2.017 0% 10% 131,072 0.14.2
86 501M 0.13% 45 10,584,833 0.67 - 0% 2% 65,536 0.17.1
87 457M 0.12% 55 9,522,071 0.001 $0.534 0% 10% 131,072 0.16.0
88 426M 0.11% 4 8,793,205 10 $0.149 0% 10% 65,536 0.16.0
89 322M 0.09% 161 277,992 100 - 0% 10% 131,072 0.0.0
90 322M 0.08% 230 485,774 100 - 0% 10% 131,072 0.0.0
91 308M 0.08% 2 6,203,802 10 $0.119 0% 10% 65,536 0.14.2
92 266M 0.07% 6 5,632,927 30 $0.368 0% 9.5% 65,536 0.14.2
93 251M 0.07% 4 7,342,907 9 $0.379 0% 10% 65,536 0.15.0
94 234M 0.06% 12 10,290,610 15.7 - 0% 10% 65,536 0.16.1
95 233M 0.06% 249 913,972 100 - 0% 10% 131,072 0.0.0
96 208M 0.06% 5 8,312,350 30 $0.150 0% 10% 65,536 0.16.0
97 195M 0.05% 1 9,083,668 35 $0.158 0% 5% 65,536 0.16.1
98 176M 0.05% 4 7,336,656 30 $0.163 -12% 5% 65,536 0.15.0
99 154M 0.04% 8 8,787,935 25 $0.148 -2% 6% 65,536 0.16.0
100 128M 0.03% 2 5,130,354 16.7 $4.222 0% 10% 65,536 0.14.2

On the Steem blockchain, witnesses serve a role of validating signatures and timestamping transactions by including them in blocks. A block is any group of transactions (posts, votes, transfers, etc) which update the state of the database. Each time a witness produces a block, they are paid for their service. If a witness fails to produce a block, then they are not paid, and may even be voted out.

Every round of block production begins with the shuffling of 21 witnesses: the top 20 witnesses (by vote), plus one randomly-selected standby witness. Each is given a turn to produce a single block at a fixed rate of one block every 3 seconds. If a witness does not produce a block in their time slot, then that time slot is skipped, and the next witness produces the next block.

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