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Frogs - Information and activity for little ones by anneke

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· @anneke ·
Frogs - Information and activity for little ones
<h3>The one day you see a little fish in the pond, a few days later the fish has a tail and a pair of legs. &nbsp;How is this possible? &nbsp;Fish do not have legs... and then you realize it is not a fish, it is a tadpole. &nbsp;</h3>
<p>Lets have a look at the life cycle of a frog and some interesting facts.</p>
<p><a href="">source</a></p>
  <li><em><strong>Draw the different stages of the development from egg to frog.</strong></em></li>
<p>A frog belongs to the class called Amphibians. &nbsp;They are animals that can live both in water and on land.</p>
<p>They lay their eggs in the water and 'metamorphosis' take place from then up to when it is an adult. &nbsp;Metamorphosis is a big word that means change. &nbsp;As you saw in the video, there are different stages and changes that a frog goes through before it becomes and adult frog.</p>
<p>The tadpole looks a lot like a fish and it even has gills before it develops lungs when it is a frog. &nbsp;A frog uses it nostrils to breathe in, but more than half of the oxygen it needs is taken in through the skin.</p>
  <li><em><strong>What do humans use to take in oxygen?</strong></em></li>
<p>Frogs spend a lot of time on land, but you will always find them close to water, because if their skin dries out too much, they will die. &nbsp;They also do not drink water but they are almost like a sponge where the water goes through the skin into the body.</p>
  <li><em><strong>What is a 'habitat'?</strong></em></li>
  <li><em><strong>Describe the habitat of a frog.</strong></em></li>
<p>Frogs catch insects with their long sticky tongue they can 'flick' out very quickly. &nbsp;Your tongue is attached to the back of your mouth, but the frog's tongue is attached to the front of the mouth, so it can be stuck out much further. &nbsp;The frog will sit still and in a flash it will catch an insect. &nbsp;</p>
<blockquote>Frogs and toads are carnivores, which means that they will eat meat. Small to medium sized frogs eat <strong>insects</strong> such as flies, mosquitoes, moths and dragonflies. Larger frogs will eat larger <strong>insects</strong> like <strong>grasshoppers</strong> and <strong>worms</strong>.&nbsp;</blockquote>
  <li><em><strong>Watch the video on how a frog catches an insect.</strong></em></li>
<p><a href="">source</a></p>
<p>If a frog is kept in captivity, they will live much longer than in the wild, because in the wild they face a lot of dangers and predators.</p>
<blockquote>Many kinds of birds who live in and around freshwater biomes can <strong>eat</strong> smaller <strong>frogs</strong> and tadpoles. Large bullfrogs are safe from all but the bigger birds, such as herons. Common avian predators of <strong>frogs</strong> include ducks, geese, swans, wading birds, gulls, crows, ravens and hawks.&nbsp;</blockquote>
  <li><em><strong>What is an 'avian predator'?</strong></em></li>
  <li><em><strong>Can you remember what is a 'biome'?</strong></em></li>
<p>A very weird thing about a frog is that it never closes its eyes, even when it sleeps and it can see in front of it and to the sides and also upwards. &nbsp;There is a time when it seems like the frog is blinking, but it is actually swallowing. &nbsp;It swallows with the help of its eyes.</p>
<blockquote>When the frog blinks, its eyeballs are pushed downwards creating a bulge in the roof of its mouth. This bulge squeezes the food inside the frog's mouth down the back of its throat.</blockquote>
<p>You also find frogs that are poisonous if eaten and they will warn the predators with bright colors "DO NOT eat me. &nbsp;You will get sick or even die."</p>
<p>For extra information you can read more <a href="">here.</a></p>
  <li><em><strong>There are many frogs on earth. &nbsp;Find pictures of at least 5 types and write one interesting sentence on each.</strong></em></li>
  <li><em><strong>Be creative and try and fold your own 'Origami jumping frog.'</strong></em></li>
<p><a href="">source</a></p>
<p>Team South Africa banner designed by @bearone</p>
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